Thursday, January 26, 2023

Eating peanuts, herbs and spices benefits the gut microbiome

Pennsylvania – According to new Penn State research (USA), adding a handful of peanuts or a teaspoon of herbs and spices to your diet daily can have a positive effect on the composition of gut bacteria, which is an indicator of overall health.In two separate studies, nutrition scientists studied the effects of small changes to the average American’s diet and found improvements in the gut microbiome.

We have millions of gut microbes

The human gut microbiome is a collection of billions of microorganisms that live within the intestinal tract. The bacteria found there can affect nearly every system in the body, including metabolism and the formation and maintenance of the immune system.

“Research has shown that people who have a lot of different microbes have better health and a better diet than people who don’t have a lot of bacterial diversity,” says Penny M. Chris-Etherton, University Evan Pugh Professor of Nutritional Science. , from Penn State.

More Peanut Benefits

In the study on peanuts, published in the journal ‘Clinical Nutrition’, Chris-Etherton and colleagues compared the effects of eating 28 grams of peanuts a day with a high-carbohydrate snack: crackers and cheese. After six weeks, participants who ate the peanut breakfast showed an abundance of Ruminococcaceae, a group of bacteria associated with healthy liver metabolism and immune function.

in favor of cinnamon, ginger, cumin and other herbs

In the study on herbs and spices, which was published in ‘The Journal of Nutrition’, scientists analyzed the effect of adding a mixture of herbs and spices – such as cinnamon, ginger, cumin, turmeric , Rosemary, Oregano, Basil and Thyme. Controlled diet of participants at risk of cardiovascular disease.

The team looked at three dosages: about 1/8 teaspoon a day, a little more than 3/4 teaspoon a day, and about one-half teaspoon a day. After four weeks, participants showed an increase in the diversity of gut bacteria, including particularly Ruminococcaceae, with the medium and high doses of herbs and spices.

Something simple with great health benefits

“It’s such a simple thing that people can do,” Kris-Etherton said. “The average American diet is far from ideal, so I think everyone can benefit from including herbs and spices. It’s also a way to reduce sodium in the diet, but it’s also important to consider foods like flavoring from what makes them delicious and really flavourful. Taste is really one of the main criteria as to why people choose the food they make,” he added.

In both studies, the increase in diversity of Ruminococcaceae and bacteria was seen as a positive, as scientists continue to learn more about the relationship between gut microbiota and a spectrum of health factors from blood pressure to weight. However, Kris-Etherton notes that more research is needed to understand the full effect. “We need more research on the microbiome to see where it has its proper place in the context of general health,” he concluded.

Nation World News Desk
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