What is Rheumatoid arthritis?


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Characterized by inflammation of the joints and surrounding tissue, it can cause pain, stiffness, and eventually joint deformity. Find a comprehensive overview of what rheumatoid arthritis is and how to treat it, exploring everything from its causes and symptoms to the most advanced treatment options available today.

What is rheumatoid arthritis, and what are its symptoms?

RA is a disease in which the body’s immune system, which normally protects health by attacking pathogens, mistakenly attacks healthy tissues. This leads to chronic joint inflammation, which is the main characteristic of the disease. Although it can affect any joint, it is most common in the hands, wrists, and knees.

Read Also:  The simple physical test to see if you're in shape

Symptoms of RA vary among individuals but usually include joint pain, swelling, stiffness (especially in the morning or after periods of inactivity), fatigue, and sometimes a low fever. These symptoms can vary in intensity and usually occur in flares.

Although the exact cause of RA remains unknown, it is believed that genetic, environmental, and hormonal factors play a role in its development. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to control the disease and prevent serious joint damage.

How is rheumatoid arthritis treated?

RA treatment focuses on controlling symptoms and stopping the progression of the disease. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. For worse cases, corticosteroids may be prescribed.

Read Also:  Saharan children gain 4 kilos by eating food from heaven

Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are a mainstay of RA treatment. These drugs, like methotrexate, slow the progression of the disease and prevent joint damage. Biologic agents and JAK inhibitors are newer options that have been shown to be effective in cases where traditional DMARDs have not worked.

In addition to medication, physiotherapy and occupational therapy They help maintain joint mobility and mobility. Specific exercises help strengthen the muscles around the affected joints, thereby improving mobility and reducing pain.

Lifestyle management plays an important role in the treatment of RA. Regular physical activity, tailored to individual abilities and limitations, improves strength and flexibility. Low-impact activities, such as swimming or walking, are often more comfortable for people with RA.

Read Also:  Environmental pollution favors the prevalence of asthma in the population

A balanced and nutritious diet is also important. Some studies suggest that a diet rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids can help reduce inflammation. Avoiding tobacco and limiting alcohol intake is equally important because these habits make symptoms worse.