King leads the entrance to the southern cemetery of Djoser, after its restoration, near the famous Step Pyramid, in Saqqara, south of Cairo, Egypt, on September 14, 2021. (Nariman El-Mofty/AP Photo)
SAQQARA, Egypt-Egypt on Tuesday demonstrated an ancient tomb structure belonging to the cemetery complex of King Djoser, a pharaoh who lived more than 4,500 years ago, following extensive restoration of the site.
The structure, known as the Southern Tomb, is largely underground and comprises a labyrinth of corridors, decorated with hieroglyphic carvings and tiles. In a central funeral shaft is a massive granite-clad coffin from the Third Dynasty of Egypt.
However, the pharaoh was not actually buried there but in the famous Step Pyramid nearby. The two structures are part of the Saqqara complex near Cairo – one of the richest archeological sites in the country. According to UNESCO the Step Pyramid is the oldest known pyramid and one of the first examples of monumental architecture from the ancient world. It is believed that this was the inspiration for the pyramids at Giza.
Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities and Tourism said this week’s opening of the mausoleum structure completed restoration work that began in 2006 and included strengthening underground corridors, renovating carved and tiled walls, and installing lighting. . The tomb was opened to the public till Tuesday.
In addition to the southern tombs, the Saqqara Plateau contains at least 11 pyramids, including the Step Pyramid, as well as hundreds of tombs of ancient officials and other sites dating from the 1st Dynasty (2920 BC–2770 BC) to the Coptic period. (395-642).
The Saqqara site is part of the Necropolis of Memphis, the ancient capital of Egypt that includes the famous Giza Pyramids, as well as smaller pyramids at Abu Sar, Dahshur and Abu Ruwesh. The ruins of Memphis were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the 1970s.
Egypt has publicized a series of recent archaeological discoveries over the past year in an effort to revive its major tourism sector, which was hit hard by the turmoil that followed the 2011 uprising. The region suffered another setback from the global coronavirus pandemic.
by Mohd Wagdi
This News Originally From – The Epoch Times