First modification: 09/04/2021 – 13:31
El Salvador’s Supreme Court of Justice announced on Friday its approval for President Nayib Bukele to run for reelection in 2024.
The constitutional chamber of the Court ruled that “a person who holds the presidency of the Republic and has not been president in the immediately preceding period participates in the electoral contest for a second time,” says the ruling addressed to the Superior Electoral Court.
The magistrates of the Constitutional Chamber who reinterpreted the constitution are those who were appointed on May 1, after the ruling Legislative Assembly dismissed the five magistrates that made it up. Attorney General Raúl Melara was also removed from office.
The resolution was given in response to a process of “loss of citizenship rights” promoted by the constitutional lawyer, Salvador Enrique Anaya last February, after the elected deputy Nanci Díaz, promoted the presidential re-election
The lawyer Anaya based his claim on article 75 of the Constitution that orders the loss of citizen rights to those who “sign acts, proclamations or adhesions to promote or support the reelection or continuation of the president of the republic, or employ direct means directed to that end “.
The previous magistrates of the Constitutional Chamber argued that article 152 prohibited the re-election of whoever “has held the presidency of the republic for more than six consecutive months or not, during the immediately preceding period, or within the last six months prior to the beginning. of the presidential term “.
This required a president to wait two terms to run again.
Bukele, 40, enjoys a high level of popularity which allowed him to reach the presidency in 2019, giving the coup de grace to the entrenched right-left bipartisanship in El Salvador for three decades.
Called by some as close to the town, but criticized by the opposition for his nuances branded as authoritarian, Bukele’s popularity increased due to his management of the covid-19 pandemic with the construction of a modern hospital and an accelerated vaccination plan, according to analysts .
Since last May, his New Ideas party has dominated Congress, where it has a majority, which allows it to govern without obstacles.
The Legal Studies Center, made up of lawyers, through its Twitter account described Friday night as “unconstitutional the resolution.”
Citizens on social media recalled that article 154 of the Constitution establishes that the presidential term will be five years “without the person who has held the presidency being able to continue in office for another day.”
On Tuesday, the Legislative Assembly promulgated a decree to remove magistrates and judges older than 60 years or who have completed 30 years of service, so that, according to Judge Antonio Durán, at least 156 administrators of justice would be replaced.
The affected judges announced that they could suspend work if Bukele or the Court do not back down with what they called a “purge.”