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Sunday, December 04, 2022

Electric law locks the key to the field

San Jeronimo Tlacochahua, Oaks.—In January 2022, farmers of St. Jerome Tlacochahuaia It is learned that the federal government withdrew subsidies without prior notice. electric power In their irrigation units, when they received electricity bill with an increase of 300%, which went up to 1000% in four months.

When they went to the federal government’s request, they were explained that the guidelines for eligibility for this subsidy had changed as a result of the reforms. electrical law, The farmers claim that they were not informed about the situation, despite the fact that in October 2021 they followed the procedures to continue with the subsidy.

To date, between 40% and 50% of the crops devoted to the sowing of milpa, beans, alfalfa, garlic, onions and flowers, have been abandoned, among others. Universal It was found that the land looks dry due to lack of irrigation.

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The municipality is divided into three irrigation areas which have societies bringing together an average of 50 farmers, in addition to the agricultural sector, with systems waterwheel wells and whose expenses are borne by one farmer.

For example, in an agricultural area of ​​40 hectares where farmers are organized into an irrigation committee, the cost of electricity rose from 3,000 pesos per month to 29,000. In four months, other companies paid up to 100 thousand pesos to the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE).

“We were never told about these new guidelines,” he says. Rafael Perez CruzCouncilor for the Education of San Jerónimo Tlacochuaya, a Zapotec indigenous community.

infinite needs

There are new requirements for farmers to be considered “individual”, without prior notice, for energy subsidies for the area, current official identification, CURP, final electricity bill, property title, public deed, parcel certificate or certificate of rights. Filling out an application form. Proof of possession, signed by the Ejido or Communal Commissioner, on land for common use.

In addition to an invoice or testimonial letter of pumping equipment in which the legal authority is attested, that it is in good condition and operating at 100% of its capacity, that it is fed electric current and registered by manufacturer, serial number, horsepower and brand. This testimonial must be signed by two witnesses and by a local authority.

They must also present the current concession title along with proof of public registration of water rights or registration of lighting works; A sketch of the macro and micro location where the water well is located, along with the location and name of the property, and the registration in the Single Register of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (Sadar)” which can be processed to show at the time window For.

The requirements force farmers to register with the Federal Taxpayer Registry (RFC) with the Tax Administration Service (SAT), which has become a problem because most of them are elderly people who don’t know how to use the Internet. And all you have to do is stand in line to receive your RFC.

While the requirements do not specify that in order to register with the Sadar, they have to carry out the works of the land on which they plant, but it should be in their name. Most of the land is inherited from his grandparents and grandparents, who left a deed in his name in the best cases, and in the worst cases, he died.

Another vague requirement is that farmers organized into irrigation societies become rural production societies; A process that must be done in front of a notary public and also requires that each of them be registered with the SAT. This process costs about 30 thousand pesos.

,[Desde] That they took away our subsidy, we can no longer work. If we don’t do it all [tierra]We’re not going to get any more money and we’re practically only working for Federal Electricity Commission”, expresses Rafael Perez.

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The problem isn’t just for Tlacochuaya farmers, he warns, it has also caused collateral damage as many residents of the Sierra de Miahuatlán and Sierra Mix work to plant, maintain and harvest their fields.

“Government promised they are going to help us farmers, they are not going to give us, but they are going to help us work, but they should not take subsidies, they are going to impose on us for many needs. There are many needs we can’t meet, says 82-year-old farmer Manuel Guzmán Morales.

According to Manuel GuzmanWith this there has been an increase of 300% in fertilizers.

Farmer Manuel ngeles Cernas warns that 20 hectares have already been planted in 40 hectares of irrigated area since January.

waiting for an answer

The problem, says Manuel Engels, is not “blaming and blaming everyone”, but what they will do to solve it: “We are waiting to see how they are going to respond. [el gobierno],

Municipal President of San Jeronimo Tlacochahua, Maria Isabel Martinez Mendezstates that the farmers decided to organize with the municipal authority as they were not finding a solution on their own.

With this organization, the mayor indicates, they are able to mobilize 25,000 farmers. If the government does not refund the subsidies and gives them a two-year extension to comply with the new guidelines, they will launch a protest that includes the blockade of Highway 190.

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