Sunday, October 1, 2023

Electronic cigarettes can cause EVALI

Tobacco addiction and smoking is a public health problem that, far from decreasing, continues to increase. In this sense, over the years new ways of consuming nicotine or other substances have appeared, such as electronic cigarette. With these new tools, which on many occasions are considered by the population to be “less harmful” than the CIGARETTES traditionally, a new disease has arisen: EVALUATE.

The first cases of the disease were known between 2017 and 2018 deer, among teenagers who use electronic cigarettes. These patients went to Emergencies through respiratory insufficiency and, after undergoing tests that ruled out other causes, it was determined that it was due to the consumption of electronic cigarette.

the EVALUATE This is a disease characterized by severe lung damage produced by exposure to electronic cigarette. It has a series of clinical manifestations that lead patients to enter the Intensive care unit, requires mechanical ventilation. This pathology can endanger people’s lives, which usually affects the majority of young people and teenagers.

EVALI follows a pattern similar to the initial forms of severe Covid-19

It is a disease that produces a presentation similar to acute respiratory distress. “It’s a pathological factor respiratory insufficiency, that is, the patient has difficulty breathing and needs oxygen at a high concentration. Sometimes it’s not enough and a respirator is needed,” he explained to ConSalud. Carlos Rabade on Smoking Area from Spanish Society of Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery.

In addition, the expert explained that the disease follows a behavior similar to the first forms of severe Covid-19. “In the first weeks or months of Covid There are patients who show a picture of severe respiratory failure. They should be moved to UCI piped and connected to respirators“.

Symptoms begin with difficulty breathing, dry cough, chest pain or fever. After that, the EVALUATE progressing towards respiratory insufficiency with a radiological pattern of diffuse lung disease. This situation indicates that the death rate of the disease will be high, as shown Carlos Rabade.

This disease is associated with many components of electronic cigarette the main one is the oil obtained from Vitamin E. However, the electronic cigarette They also have other ingredients that can cause it lung toxicity and create other pathologies. Among them, prevail the glycerin or other smoke components, as well as the nicotine.

In the long term, the EVALUATE because of difficulty breathing, can develop into fibrosis. In addition, it can cause chronic respiratory distress. “The patient is tired or exhausted from the effort, and this may limit them in their daily physical activities,” he said. Carlos Rabade adding that the disease can cause death in these patients.

Regarding the pathologic method, the diagnosis begins with the rejection of other diseases that show similar symptoms. lung involvement in addition to observing whether the patient has been exposed to electronic cigarette. The treatment, as in any case of difficulty breathing, based on oxygen support and mechanical ventilation. Corticosteroids are also used.

After the appearance of the disease, the response of the authorities is to monitor that the manufacturers of these products follow certain measures and requirements. In addition, the basic components that cause the EVALUATE.

At the same time, scientific societies are trying to establish a registry of cases EVALUATE which centers can do. This is done to better understand the characteristics of the disease. In this way, it is possible to answer the EVALUATE with greater accuracy. “It’s important that the doctor thinks about EVALUATE if you see a sick person Severe respiratory insufficiency requires mechanical ventilation and has a radiological pattern of difficulty breathing”, the expert pointed out.

Carlos Rábade: “It is important that the doctor thinks about EVALI when he sees a patient with acute respiratory failure, who needs mechanical ventilation and has a radiological pattern of respiratory distress”

In addition, another response from the authorities is to raise the awareness and sensitivity of the population to that electronic cigarette They don’t use harmless things, but they are toxic products, which contain nicotine. “It contains a series of ingredients that pose a risk to the health of people, especially the youngest. They are very easy products for teenagers to get,” said the expert.

Finally, Carlos Rabade remember that, to control EVALUATE should stop drinking electronic cigarette and find other types of systems. “They shouldn’t be looking for the electronic cigarette as a method to reduce harm, because it will make the person continue to consume the drug. nicotine and back to dog”, concludes the expert.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
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