Thursday, January 26, 2023

Eliminating risk factors for diabetes can prevent the disease

Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect the way the body uses glucose in the blood, it is also defined as a metabolic disorder with a number of causes, with alterations in the metabolism of carbohydrates It is characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood. , lipids, and proteins and that result from defects in the secretion and/or action of insulin.

María del Carmen Pimentel Barranco, an endocrinologist at the Center for Diagnosis and Advanced Medicine and Medical Conferences and Telemedicine (CIDMAT), confirms that type 2 diabetes is a condition that can be prevented, however, she assures that for It is necessary to know first of all, what are the risk factors of developing it.

Endocrinologists consider overweight to be the most common and manageable, as well as a family history of first and second degree diabetes; Obstetric history of gestational diabetes or a child with a birth weight of more than 4 kg or more, arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia (elevated lipid concentration) and sedentary lifestyle (less than 150 minutes per week of physical activity).

Pimentel says that if a person presented with one or more of these factors, the right thing to do is to measure fasting blood glucose at least once a year, however, if they are 45 years of age or older. If they have K, then they should measure it while fasting. At least once a year.

The frequency of measurements will depend on the number of risk factors you have as well as the blood glucose value obtained at the initial measurement.

Endocrinologists point out that the Latin American Diabetes Association’s consensus recommendation is that if a person is previously diagnosed with an abnormal fasting blood glucose (100–125 mg/dl), or with glucose intolerance (2 hours after loading blood glucose) Is. 75 g glucose 140–199 mg/dl), or a history of transient hyperglycemia, it is suggested to measure fasting twice a year.

Redressal
Similarly, doctors recommend lifestyle changes to prevent diabetes. The professional says to maintain a diet low in saturated fat, simple carbohydrates (refined sugar, pastry products, refined flour); Eliminate carbonated, sugary, and alcoholic beverages and increase your fiber intake (fruits, vegetables, legumes, such as beans, chickpeas, lentils, whole grains, such as whole grain pasta and bread, brown rice, whole oats, and quinoa) Do it. Pimentel is emphatic about getting regular physical activity, suggesting 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise per day, such as walking, running, swimming, bicycling, or at least 150 minutes per week.

treatment
However, when a person is diagnosed with the condition, there are treatment options that can help them maintain their quality of life, highlight endocrinologists.

In addition, he says there are drugs today that have been shown to significantly reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes in people with glucose intolerance.

“However intensive lifestyle changes have been shown to be superior to drug treatment in all studies in which they have been compared,” the endocrinologist explains.

drug reserve
He adds that because of these results it is recommended that the drug be reserved for special cases such as young people with a very high body mass index (BMI), who do not achieve significant weight loss, or when structured Hyperglycemia persists despite changes. lifestyle for three years.

Pimentel indicates that all diabetes management guidelines worldwide recommend initiating a program intervention of lifestyle changes early and consistently, based on specific goals, including weight loss greater than 5%, inclusive. , there are people who talk up to 10 percent.

Experience
Talks about her experience in specialist consultation, where in almost a decade of service and where she has been able to evaluate patients of different ages, eight out of 10 patients with dyslipidemia and arterial hypertension, from prediabetic, obese are afflicted.

It states that all conditions are preventable by checking and controlling risk factors. For this reason, he urges people not to put off visiting a specialist if they have any of the risk factors mentioned.

Warning
The widespread rise of the diabetes epidemic has also been accompanied by an increase in its risk factors.

statistics

– in America
The US is the region with the highest overweight/obesity and physical inactivity rates in the world: 63 out of 100 adults are overweight or obese and 39 out of 100 have insufficient levels of physical activity.

recommendation
Delaying the onset of diabetes even a few years is good for your health, so if you take steps to help prevent the onset of the condition, you’ll be adding quality years to your life.

It is possible to achieve this by maintaining a proper diet and getting physical activity most days of the week.


Nation World News Desk
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