Elisabeth Bourne was on Monday appointed as the new prime minister of France, becoming the second woman in the country to hold the position.
Bourne, 61, will succeed Jean Casteux, whose resignation was expected after President Emmanuel Macron was re-elected last month.
Macron and Bourne are expected to appoint a full government in the coming days.
Born is the second woman to hold the position after Edith Cresson, who was prime minister under Socialist President François Mitterrand from 1991–1992.
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He has served as Labor Minister in Macron’s previous government since 2020. Before that, she was Minister of Transport and then Minister of Ecological Transition, also under Macron.
Castex came to the Elysee Rashtrapati Bhavan on Monday to formally tender his resignation, which was “accepted” by the president, Elysee said in a statement.
In France, it is common for presidents to have more than one prime minister during their term.
The new prime minister’s first mission will be to ensure that Macron’s centrist party and its allies do well in France’s parliamentary elections in June. The vote, scheduled for two rounds, will determine which group has the majority of seats in the National Assembly, which has the final say over the Senate in France’s law-making process.
Macron also promised a bill to address the rising cost of living in France, where food and energy prices are rising. It will be prepared by his new government and is expected to be presented right after the parliamentary election.
If Macron’s party wins a majority in the assembly, the prime minister will need to ensure that the pension changes promised by the president are brought into law, including raising the minimum retirement age from 62 to 65. The proposed changes have been criticized by activists, unions and left-wing voters.
Macron also promised that the new prime minister would be directly in charge of the “green plan”, which is seeking to accelerate the implementation of France’s climate-related policies. In his second term, Macron vowed to go “doubly fast” to curb greenhouse gas emissions.
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