Elizabeth II became queen during a tour of Africa, in 1952 Colonial Kenya, dominated by about ten thousand British, controlling the economy, government, courts, police and all institutions, had the best land and lived calls white highlands , the fertile region in the center of the country. A decade later, after the Mau Mau rebellion, much repression, much blood, and the occasional massacre by colonial masters, the country celebrated its independence.
Ten years after the coronation of the recently deceased emperor, not only was Kenya independent, but also Kuwait, Sudan, Malaysia, Ghana, Cyprus, Nigeria, Somaliland, Tanganyika (now Tanzania), Zanzibar, Jamaica, Sierra Leone, Uganda and Trinidad Were. and Tobago. Countries – some are no longer like that, have changed their names or are integrated into others – which, in spite of everything, have remained and remain in the orbit of the Commonwealth. Isabel managed that transition with dignity, the progressive crackdown of the empire.
Antigua and Barbuda have already announced a referendum within three years to decide whether it is a republic.
Charles III ascended the throne as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the head of state of fourteen other countries. Something will stop happening. The prime minister of Antigua and Barbuda, Gaston Browne, has already declared, without much room for diplomacy, the convocation within three years of a referendum to become a republic, as Barbados recently did. was. Jamaica and other Caribbean countries may follow in the domino effect.
As the coffin containing Elizabeth’s remains left Balmoral Castle on the way to the castle of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh, and thousands of Scots said their final goodbyes from the highways and village streets on the six-hour journey, Charles III received in the audience with delegates The 56 countries of the Commonwealth, the remnants of a Twilight Kingdom in which the sun is about to set in full swing.
William himself, promoted to Prince of Wales with the game to the throne following his grandmother’s death, last March recognized after disastrous tours of Belize, Jamaica and the Bahamas that he may never become head of the Commonwealth.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is seen on the verge of tears, and New Zealand’s Jacinda Ardern is clearly upset. But the arrival of a new English monarch after the seventy-year Second Elizabethan era would inevitably put pressure on both countries to break away from the British monarchy. Even more so is Australia, whose prime minister (Anthony Albanese) is a Republican, having already held a referendum in 1999 (with 55% in favor of the status quo, the same percentage as the 2016 Scottish referendum), and others pregnant with. Greens leader Adam Bandt (a member of the third party and government coalition in the country) wants this to happen as soon as possible.
Carlos III receives in the audience representatives of the 56 countries of the Commonwealth
William and Catherine’s early spring tour of the Caribbean indicated how long Windsor (and the UK) lacked remorse for the legacy of colonialism and slavery, given that the three monarchs (Elizabeth I, Carlos II and Jaime II) ) participated and benefited directly from human trafficking, and two others (George III and Guillermo IV) defended the system and delayed elimination for as long as possible. Blacks arriving in the Caribbean on African Company ships had the letters DY branded on their bodies, Owned by the Duke of York. in the time of #blacklivesmatter Sooner or later someone has to make the real nuts the culprit.
But for Brexiters, the death of Elizabeth and the announcement of Charles III as head of the Commonwealth (involving 2.5 billion people, most of whom are non-white) replaced the dream of Empire 2.0 as a global and majestic United Kingdom. has given air. , as in the days of Captain Drake and his battles with the Dutch and Spanish galleons, a “Great Britain”, isolated from continental Europe, with its own commercial laws, low taxes and a redistribution of minimum regulations. Far from preparing to bury the ashes of the past, nearly half of Britons, represented by one of the most right-wing governments in national history, are more nostalgic than ever for a world that will cease to exist has gone. And this is not what Carlos III inherited. The clash between reality and fiction.