Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador has repeatedly expressed his support for the idea of a unified Latin American and Caribbean region or is in the process of doing so, and in talks with the United States and Canada.
AMLO is not the only president who promotes the idea of integration from a “progressive” point of view, reflected in the impetus emanating from the so-called “Group of Puebla”, which brings together several leaders of the regional left. ,
And indeed, at least according to this point of view, the current “pink tide” of progressive governments in Latin America favors the consolidation of a project that, according to the proposal of Argentine President Alberto Fernández, will involve Argentina, in its initial stages. Creation of an “axis” economy between Brazil and Mexico.
But some of them believe Mexico has “a different reality” because of the size of its border and trade with the United States.
In any case, a good part of the integrationist project will appear at the meeting of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (SELEC) in Buenos Aires on January 24, with many leaders in the new left-wing bloc in attendance. , even the Brazilian Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.
Regional integration is not a new aspiration, and in fact it emerged on the basis of perceived Latin American cultural commonality, which was one of the first Spanish-speaking countries, as evidenced by the meeting between Simón Bolívar and José de San Martín, the host Congress. can be certified. Panama and then as an alternative that found a significant resonance in South America, promoted largely by geopolitical games in Brazil and Venezuela.
The fact is that from the very beginning there is a Latin American integrationist proposal, encouraged by the “Pink Tide” and the arrival of Lula da Silva to the presidency of Brazil.
Brazil is expected to promote the strengthening and consolidation of the already existing but dormant Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), which was created in 2008 during the Henrique Cardoso regime, which replaced Lula’s first government. worked during da Silva (2011–2017) and had a clear intention to strike a balance towards the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
NAFTA’s response and opposition from Argentina’s Nestor Kirchner and Venezuela’s Hugo Chávez were the basis for the US’s rejection of a proposed free trade agreement presented by US Bill Clinton in 2005.
In 2011, a broader proposal of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (SELAC) also emerged, grouped around the Brazilian power and in a common front for dialogue and political countermeasures to the United States in particular and other powers in general Area group.
But some in the Puebla group believe that SELAC is still too weak and that the work should be to strengthen Unasura and diversify its sources of funding.