Sustainable homes are designed and built to optimize energy consumption, minimize environmental impact and provide maximum comfort. In these homes, technology makes life easier and there are spaces that encourage socialization.
Although buildings today are being built with these principles of sustainability in mind, circular architecture also involves adapting existing buildings to make each property a complete home, in which spaces are shared, resources are used (including waste) and energy consumption are optimized.
Solar communities and a vertical garden to improve energy efficiency
The roof is an important element for the stability of the block. A roof such as a landscaped roof combats heat build-up by intercepting rainwater and slowing down the effects of the sun. On the other hand, even when it is a conventional roof, the roof can be used to promote self-consumption and energy savings by housing photovoltaic panels. Projects such as Repsol SolMatch facilitate the creation of solar communities, a way to share the benefits of distributed generation, in which rooftop owners install solar panels and other nearby neighbors can take advantage of that renewable energy.
On the façade, a vertical garden is a superb thermal insulator against the most extreme temperatures: in winter, it protects the interior from the cold, preventing the wind from coming into contact with the façade; And in summer, it reduces the effects of the sun’s rays, without forgetting that plants purify the air. To build this type of garden, you’ll need to waterproof the building, protect it from leaks, and install an irrigation circuit. With vegetation already developed, plastic pots or recessed panels can be used.
Versatile, efficient home with recycled materials
The interior of the house becomes a modular space with multiple uses. Movable panels or false ceilings can increase or decrease the square footage of a room. Elements such as mobile partitions, plasterboard partitions or screw partitions facilitate the division of spaces according to the needs of each family, if you want to take advantage of the room for teleworking or practicing hobbies.
The versatility of these houses is also complemented by the use of easily recyclable materials in construction: rendering can be done with cement or lime and sand mortars, which are better recyclable than plaster. Aluminum or wooden partitions are also usable in the future and are easy to disassemble. In addition, on roofing, tiles are one of the materials with a high reuse rate.
It is important to promote the use of recycled materials in construction (wood, steel, aluminum) and to optimize insulation (glass, cellulose, cotton with hot melt fibers), both inside and out.
Common areas to take advantage of: An urban garden or a DIY workshop
Common areas go beyond typical gardens, with an orchard shared with the rest of the neighborhood that allows you to socialize, share responsibility for its care, and reap the benefits of its products, fresh and cheap to transport. No carbon footprint. Similarly, there are many examples of common areas: a laundry room that favors saving energy and space inside homes, an area for parking bicycles, a repair shop where tools are shared, various types of waste. A small cleaning point for (biological, packaging, electronic equipment, etc.). Another common location could be a children’s area built with recycled elements.
As an innovation, the sustainable homes include a community treatment plant: a biological purification system that allows the treatment of organic waste in a natural way and, in addition, makes the purified water easy to use for vertical gardening and irrigation . Garden.