Paris (AFP)-The European Union will lift a ban next week that has been implemented since the “mad cow” food panic 20 years ago, banning the feeding of animal remains to certain types of livestock. It still shocks consumers and farmers alike.
With the exception of Ireland and France, almost all EU member states voted in May to amend the regulations to allow processed animal protein (PAP) to be used in pig and poultry feed, which will take effect on Monday.
The European Union banned the use of PAP in the feed of all farmed animals in 2001 because of the full horror of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).
The disease spreads widely through farmers feeding cattle with meat and bone meal from dead and infected animals.
Then people died after being infected with human variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. It is understood that Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is spread by eating infected beef.
In 2013, the European Union decided to allow PAP to be used again in fish feed because data showed that the group was close to eradicating BSE from its herd, and scientific opinions showed that the risk of BSE spreading among non-ruminant animals is negligible.
Lifting the ban on the use of PAP to feed pigs and poultry — currently the ban still applies to ruminants such as cattle, goats and sheep — will allow European farmers to use cheap animal protein again when they are worried about the impact. Other places have lower standards.
“70% of our costs are feed costs,” Francois Valy, head of the FNP French Association of Pig Breeders.
Fear of cannibalism
Currently, the ban still applies to ruminants such as cattle, goats and sheep.
However, critics worry that the loose application of EU standards in some member states may open the door to possible cannibalism-in this case, for example, pig carcasses will enter the pig feed.
Foodwatch International’s director of international activities, Matthias Wolfschmidt, stated that “the competent authorities of member states have weak control and () illegal feeding of herbivore farm animals and being used by “cannibalism”. The danger is getting bigger and bigger.”
Like Ireland, France abstained from voting in the EU on the issue of regulatory changes in May, and officials seemed to be cautious about the new partial lifting of the ban.
The Ministry of Agriculture told AFP that it will wait for the food safety agency to take a stand.
Anne Richard of the French National Poultry Breeders Association said that the reintroduction of PAP “will not happen like that.”
She said, “In order to reassure consumers, there are many regulations that prohibit animal meal.” “This is not set in stone, but operators have not yet collectively discussed the topic.”
Confederation Paysanne, a farmers’ alliance that opposes industrialized animal husbandry, believes that reauthorizing PAP in certain animal feeds will open the door to abuse.
Company spokesperson Nicolas Girod (Nicolas Girod) asked what prevented a company that wanted to make quick profits from bypassing the regulations.
“What causes mad cow disease-the pursuit of profit, quantity, and productivity,” he said.