Europe kicks off with energy saving schemes across continent, It does so in the context of a sharp increase in the cost of electricity, which was exacerbated by the war between Russia and Ukraine. Since the beginning of the conflict, last February, Price skyrocketed in the region By sanctions and counter-sanctions between the European Union (EU) and the Kremlin, which reduced the supply of oil, but especially Russian gas, until before the war represented more than 40 percent of that fuel imports in the block,
on your side, gazpromRussian energy giant, 31 percent reduction in its exports Gas to non-Commonwealth Independent States (CIS) countries, including Europe. Instead, supplies were redirected to China and India. On the other hand, the gas pipeline flows in July nord streamconnecting Russia and Germany across the Baltic Sea, fell to only 20 percent,
This drop in gas volume threatens to increase energy prices further and increase inflation, A few months after a cold start in Europe began to demand more supply, To avoid the shortage, European countries began planning to ration supplies of this fuel and also introduced several measures to save energy.
Spain, The last country to announce energy saving measures, a scheme launched last Monday Medium air conditioning and heating In shops, cultural buildings and transport stations.
“In these properties, heating in winter should be maintained at maximum 19 degree and at least in the summer 27 degree centigrade”, announced the head of the Ecological Transition, Teresa Ribera after the Council of Ministers.
Measures put in place since May for public reliance include memorials and shop windows 22. but turn off your lightsWhereas automatic closing of doors in air-conditioned spaces will be required and telecommunications will be encouraged to “save travel and thermal consumption of buildings”.
FranceFor its part, it intends to reduce energy consumption by 10 percent over the next two years compared to 2019. To do this, President Emmanuel Macron urged to be guided by the “logic of moderation”: “We must be prepared for a scenario where we all live without Russian gas.”
Although the strategy is still under development, the government urged families and companies to make “small gestures” and to disconnect energy devices while they are not being used or to turn off the light in empty rooms.
In this direction, the Minister of Energy Transition, Agnes Pannier-Runner, announced that they would demand Prevent the store from keeping its doors open while using the air conditioning or heating, Bright advertisements and shop windows will also be banned in all cities between 1 and 6 pm.
Germany It hasn’t presented a great official plan to save energy yet, although in late July a series of recommendations, There will be no public and office buildings in these conditioning the temperature in rooms where people don’t regularly spend much time, such as large halls and corridors. The government also recommended savings schemes for large industries for the next two years. The law requiring tenants to maintain a minimum temperature in their apartments was also abolished.
In this context, some cities have already adopted their own measures, such as reducing urban lighting or limits on thermostats in public buildings. In MunichFor example, they go Keep saunas closed and hot water in public buildings will be cut off.
Italy did not even announce an official plan on its part. The government announced it would not promote “serious” measures. However, the Rome leadership claimed that it was preparing an emergency plan. Among other measures, it also sought to limit Air conditioner use between 19 and 27 degrees, There were also plans to reduce urban lighting and extend the closing times of shops.
In particular, there is a proposal 7 percent reduction in gas consumption before March, For this, the production of coal plants will be promoted. However, against this background, the National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development submitted a report to the government in July, calling for greater interventions to spur demand. Anyway, the situation that will arise due to the elections in September will be trouble for the government.
The Polish government expressed itself along the same lines. There the prime minister, Mateusz Morawiecki, announced that the government would allocate “billions of additional millions” to the Clean Air Program that would subsidize improvements to the insulation of private residences and the purchase of less polluting heating systems.
Of particular note should be noted the energy shortage in the country due to the war in Ukraine: Russia supplied 40 percent of the gas consumed by Poland.
along with The problem is compounded by a shortage of coal, which, according to analysts, could be between one and two million tonnes this winter. To fulfill your demand.
Plan of Greece This includes turning off 10 percent of public lighting during opening hours, limiting air conditioning to 27 degrees and Turn off office computers when not in use,
Finally, the government of czech republicwhich is almost entirely dependent on Russian gas, offered free advice on energy-efficient renewables and savings tips.
In addition, it will boost coal consumption in an emergency while setting its sights on the supply of natural gas coming from the Netherlands.