The rise in blood sugar is a result of pregnancy hormones, but monitoring is advised so that it does not lead to gestational diabetes.
Usually, diabetes does not have symptoms, but when it becomes advanced, it can cause extreme thirst and result in copious urination. Photo: shutterstock.
All pregnant women take the O’Sullivan test, which involves ingesting 50 grams of glucose dissolved in water. It is a very sweet drink, after which the pregnant woman should rest for an hour and not eat anything.
Just before a meal, a blood sample is taken to measure the amount of glucose and again an hour later. After waiting one hour the average glucose should be less than 140 mg/dl.
If both measurements are normal, you do not have diabetes, If there is a change in either of the two measurements, this possibility cannot be ruled out and another similar long test, the oral glucose overload test, is performed.
Diabetes: Blood Sugar
but what is it diabetes, It is the inability of the organism to pass sugar from the blood into the cells. When you eat food, the blood glucose level remains high. usually, diabetes It does not give symptoms, but when it increases, excessive thirst may occur and result in copious urination.
there are basically three types diabetes: Type I Type II and diabetes Gestational.
The first two can be dangerous in pregnancy if they are not well controlled medically. instead of this, diabetes Pregnancy carries very little risk.
very different origins
diabetes Type I has an immunological cause: the cells of the pancreas responsible for making insulin are destroyed by autoantibodies. Insulin is the hormone that transports glucose from the blood into cells so that they can be nourished.
The result is that not only does the amount of glucose in the blood increase, but there is a marked nutritional deficiency in the cells of the body. in this way diabetes It is normal to be very thirsty and hungry.
It usually affects young people and not particularly obese people or those with a history of diabetes In your family. It requires lifelong insulin treatment, as it is a disorder that does not resolve with diet.
type II diabetes
diabetes Type II appears in obese people and is more common in older age groups. In many cases, their close relatives are also affected, especially if they have a poor diet and are of a certain age. A common reason is maintaining a diet with excess calories over the years.
vary from diabetes Type I, in this case, is not a lack of insulin but a lack of sensitivity of the cells to insulin, which doctors call insulin resistance.
can be said that diabetes Type II is a cellular defense against nutritional excess. In fact, thus diabetes In many cases it can be resolved completely with a change in diet. Avoiding fast sugar and depending on the cases, reducing calorie intake and exercising.
If it doesn’t improve, you may need to take an oral antidiabetic. Insulin is needed only in severe cases.
diabetes Pregnancy appears only in pregnancy, especially in the second or third trimester, very rarely in the first.
The reason is that during pregnancy, and especially from the beginning of the second trimester, the placenta produces a hormone called phytoplacental hormone, which causes blood glucose to become higher than normal. Its purpose is to ensure that the fetus gets enough food. When the pregnancy ends, this hormone disappears.
this kind of diabetes they look more diabetes Type II, as compared to type I, appears and occurs in people with a body mass index greater than 30 and in people over the age of 35, especially if there is a history in the family.
can be said that diabetes pregnancy is really a matter of diabetes Transient during type II pregnancy. In fact, women who suffer diabetes have a tendency to suffer in pregnancy diabetes type II later in life and as in life diabetes Type II, in many cases it resolves after adequate diet.
how does it affect the baby
Babies of diabetic mothers whose glucose levels are not adequately regulated tend to be excessively large, so are more likely to end up in a forceps delivery, a broken clavicle, or a caesarean section.
On the other hand, newborns of diabetic mothers are at risk of hypoglycemia during the first hours after birth, so breastfeeding should be regularized and the pediatrician is more likely to indicate the need for supplementation with adapted milk. Will give
Also, these babies have a higher tendency to have too many red blood cells in their blood and to be deficient in calcium or magnesium.