Exercise, a 'shield' against cancer in A Corona

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Exercise, a 'shield' against cancer in A Corona

Fifty women have benefited in “a little less than a year” since the implementation of a comprehensive rehabilitation program for breast cancer patients in the health sector of A Coruña and C. A “pioneer” initiative, supported by Professor Novoa Santo Foundation And this provincial board of Spanish Association Against Cancer (AECC), and whose objective is to “promote physical activity” in this group. Jointly developed by Medical Oncology and Rehabilitation Services The project began in the spring of 2023 at Oza Hospital (Chuk), treating a small group of women affected by breast cancer with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (i.e. before surgery), however, its promoters intended to “expand” “It’s for more types of tumors and different scenarios.”

“At present, most of the participants in the program are breast cancer patients who are undergoing chemotherapy treatment and who will later undergo surgery,” explains the doctor. Victor Sacristan, medical oncologist at the University Hospital Complex of A Coruña (Chuac) and researcher at the A Coruña Biomedical Research Institute (INIBIC), which details that, so far, “approximately 50″ affected by the disease have gone through this project” and feedback “It’s very positive.”

“What was our intention when we launched this Comprehensive rehabilitation program for breast cancer patients, He was also encouraged to exercise during treatment, which appears to be taboo. However, under the supervision of rehabilitation colleagues and physiotherapists, it seems that we are debunking this myth a bit and achieving the ‘call effect’, as other patients, with other pathologies and from other areas that we have not yet been exposed to this “They are increasing interest and they ask us if they can exercise, and where and how they can do it,” Dr. Sacristan, coordinator of the project, highlighted with Dr. Juan Noe is a rehabilitation physician at the A Coruña Hospital campus and also a researcher at INBIC.

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Scientific evidence

“Dr. No and I shared the mentality of bringing our love of sports to patients whenever we could to help them. So we started developing a project together and from there we came up with the idea to implement Program so that breast cancer patients can play games guided by professionals and especially for them” explains Chuuk medical oncologist and Inbib researcher, who sheds light on “There is more and more scientific evidence” that “the practice of physical exercise, during chemotherapy, radiotherapy and even immunotherapy, but also before possible surgical interventions” (in neoadjuvant), “Improves health outcomes, both in quality of life and in reducing the side effects of these treatments and the consequences of surgery.” “And we must not forget that maintaining sports practice and healthy habits after overcoming the disease remains beneficial and contributes to reducing recurrence,” he emphasizes.

Dr. Sacristan explained that initially, candidates will have to participate in Comprehensive Rehabilitation Program for Breast Cancer Patients The A Coruña Health Region is “screened” in the oncologist’s office “to rule out any possible contraindications” for exercise practice, although “in most cases, there are usually none.” “If everything is correct, they are sent to the rehabilitation service, where Dr. No and the physiotherapy associates, whose role is fundamental, carry out other screening tests, a little more linked to exercise (not at a medical level, but on) material level and quality of life). From there, they develop with their Approximately 12 week program, in small groups, of two people, maximum of three“, says Chuuk medical oncologist and Inbib researcher, who emphasizes that the objective is “Try to avoid post-surgical sequelae, and better tolerate the chemotherapy treatments they are receiving.”, He summarized, “Our intention is to teach them to work out with a specific program, and then they maintain that hook on the exercise and continue to do it.”

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A group of people during the race against cancer in A Coruña

Analysis of results

Dr. Victor Sacristan believes that, “In Spain, oncology rehabilitation units are still in their infancy, “This encouraged us to launch this project with the help of Chuak, Professor Novoa Santos Foundation (INIBIC Managing Unit) and. provincial board of AECC,” says the medical oncologist of the A Coruña hospital complex and researcher from Inibic, before continuing, “with the help of physiotherapists Provincial Board of AECC”, They are “collecting all the data” of their comprehensive rehabilitation program for breast cancer patients, with the idea of ​​demonstrating “with numbers, and with quality of life data” of the women involved in the initiative, Benefits of physical exercise “To be able to increase it.” “This is our idea and our wish, and I am confident that it will come true, because it will not only benefit breast cancer patients. “There are many other tumors, and I think sooner or later they will all be able to do the same,” Makes predictions.

Oncologists encourage “prescribing” physical activity along with rest treatments.

Doing physical exercise after the disease is diagnosed can reduce the risk of suffering from cancer by 30% and the mortality rate by about 20%. The most solid data on the benefits of playing sports have been found in breast and colorectal cancer, but this also extends to other tumors such as prostate, lung, bladder, endometrium or stomach. Aware of this, Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM) Launched this week a The aim of the campaign is to raise awareness among people about the importance of physical exercise, but also to make cancer patients and doctors aware, so that they prescribe this activity along with the rest of the treatments against this disease.,

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In Spain, according to statistics National Institute of Statistics (INE), Only 37.7% of the adult population engages in regular physical activity while a quarter (27.4%) declare themselves sedentary. Its objective is to increase the number of Spaniards practicing sport due to its benefits at all stages, from prevention against cancer through treatment to avoiding recurrence.

On the occasion of World Cancer Day, which is observed tomorrow SEOM also presented its annual report Cancer statistics in spain 2024,Which predicts that 286,664 cases will be diagnosed this year, an increase of 2.6% compared to 2023. The incidence is increasing due to the increase in the Spanish population, aging and unhealthy lifestyle habits such as sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet and alcohol and tobacco consumption. The majority of cases will be colorectal, breast and lung tumors, Which is also consolidated as the third most common disease in women, as its incidence has tripled in 20 years due to tobacco.

Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM).) y REDECAN (Spanish network of cancer registries) It is estimated that in Spain, like throughout the world, cancer cases will gradually increase and will reach 341,000 in the year 2040.

At the same time, mortality rates are expected to increase from 113,000 deaths in 2020 to more than 150,000 in 2040, as well as survival rates, which have doubled over the past 40 years and are slowly but surely increasing. Will keep increasing. Better implementation of new treatments and screening.

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