The importance of promoting sex education faces a progressive increase, say experts infections seen since 2010 in the islands and throughout the national territory. In fact, according to the latest monitoring report sexually transmitted infections (its) in country, The Canary Islands have 1,200 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, a figure that, according to the forecast, will increase. “Education is essential to fight against this development. For this reason, it is very important to hold talks in schools and institutions, prepare information brochures and organize activities aimed at strengthening the knowledge of the young population.” Dr. Carla Mendoza, Obstetrician and Gynecologist at Vithas Las Palmas HospitalWhich also shows that the age group with the highest incidence rate is between 20 and 34 years.
The situation worries professionalsSo the doctor chooses the option Disclosure of information from the early years of adolescence, “It can also help prevent unwanted pregnancies and use condoms properly. It should be borne in mind that many teens take oral contraceptives, but if they do not have a stable partner, the risk of contracting diseases still exists,” he cautioned.
most common situations
As indicated by the doctor, The most common STIs are syphilis, gonorrhea, lymphogranuloma venereum and chlamydia., Although, In the female population, the latter is most common., disease caused by bacteria chlamydia trachomata, In many cases it may be asymptomatic But if it is not detected in time, it can damage the fallopian tubes, cause pelvic inflammatory disease and affect fertility, “This usually manifests through changes in vaginal discharge. However, this is not always given importance and some girls arrive at the ER with abdominal pain and already have a tubo-ovarian abscess”, says Dr. Mendoza Huh.
As far as detection is concerned, it must be said that Infection can be diagnosed through vaginal and endocervical exudate. “This is the method that is commonly used to detect many STIs. Syphilis, on the other hand, can be diagnosed through serology,” explains the expert.
“Organizing talks in schools and institutions is very important,” Dr. Mendoza. They say
but, How can it be treated? According to the gynecologist of the said health center in the capital, through antibiotics, However, the fact of suffering from any STI “does not imply vaccination against re-infection.”
According to the latest data from Mandatory Declaration of Disease System of the Canary Epidemiological Surveillance Network of the Canary Islands Health Service (SCS)Notified in 2020 466 cases of syphilis, 333 cases of gonorrhea, 412 cases of chlamydia and one case of venereal lymphogranuloma, “The condom is able to protect against all these infections. However, genital herpes can be transmitted regardless of its use, because if the infection is active there will be vesicles or ulcers on the genitals”, stresses Carla Mendoza.
Like other diseases, Early diagnosis is essential to minimize the problem from the beginning, For this reason, the professional highlights the need for resorting to experts in case of any change. “It is better to detect these health problems in the early stages so as to prevent them from major conflicts. For this reason, experiencing minor symptoms, it is better that patients go for a consultation,” says Vithas Las Palmas of Gynecology experts say.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted disease that can cause cervical cancer in women., “The virus lives in the cells of the cervix and over a very long period of time, it can cause changes and lesions in them. For this reason, it is advisable to have at least one cytology every year”, notes Dr. Carla Marrero. And that cellular changes can last up to ten years. “Vaccination against this virus is not only in those adolescents Indicated for those who have not yet had intercourse, but also for adult females. Recommendation extends to young men as well, “expert recalls”, ym