The data from the latest report of the World Health Organization (WHO) on the progress made in the global fight against malaria, or malaria, shows that the number of people infected with this disease is increasing, which is apparently associated, among other elements, with changes driven by climate change in temperature, humidity, and precipitation: environmental factors that change the behavior and survival capacity of mosquitoes carrying malaria.
The Global Technical Strategy against Malaria 2016–2030 establishes the goal of reducing malaria incidence and mortality rates by at least 75% by 2025 and by 90% by 2030 compared to 2015 values.
As an example, the WHO reported that the catastrophic floods suffered by Pakistan during 2022 increased the number of malaria cases by five, which explains the direct relationship between the climate and the disease, not only in the number of cases but also in its geographical expansion.
To the impact caused by climate change, we add the growing resistance to drugs and insecticides, humanitarian crises, insufficient financial and human resources, delays in the implementation of programs, especially in countries where the burden of disease is high, and the population. movement of people without immunity in endemic areas because of the climate, we see how dangerous the situation is.
In 2022, the number of estimated cases of malaria in the world will close at 249 million, 16 million more than the number recorded before the pandemic in 2019, which amounted to 233 million.