OTTAWA—A “series of reckless acts and omissions” by Iranian authorities resulted in the fatal crash of a passenger jet in January 2020, according to a Canadian government summary of a forensic report.
An official document from the Prime Minister’s Office said Iran showed “gross disregard” for air security by failing to provide any information to airlines about its military activities when it attacked US bases across the border in Iraq. Missile attack against a pair. The plane was shot down.
All 176 people aboard Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 were killed, including 55 Canadian citizens, 30 permanent residents and dozens of others bound for Canada. The Tehran-Kiev route has been a popular first leg of travel from Iran to Canada.
“A series of reckless acts and omissions by Iranian civil and military officials created a dangerous situation where the risks were underestimated and not taken seriously,” the summary said.
“These actions and omissions – both in their failure to properly manage the security of Iran’s airspace and deficiencies in the development and implementation of their plans, systems and procedures – are combined to create a situation where surface-to-air strikes can be carried out.” Missile-to-missile (SAM) unit operator misidentified flying PS752 as a potentially hostile target.
The summary is based on a forensic investigation led by Jeff Yavorsky, the former deputy director of operations at the Canadian Security Intelligence Service. The study relies partly on intelligence as well as a report by Iran’s Civil Aviation Authority, and comes after Iran blocked Canadian and Ukrainian investigators from extensive site analysis.
It also comes three months after the federal government outright rejected the authority’s report, blaming “human error” as the reason the Iranian military took off from Tehran airport on its way to Kiev. The jetliner of Ukraine International Airlines was later shot down.
“While the possible misalignment of the SAM unit was a factor, it in no way absolves Iran of its responsibility for the deaths of 176 innocent people,” the summary reads, citing “multiple command and control failures”. .
“These findings confirm Canada’s view that Iran’s actions displayed incompetence, recklessness and a blatant disregard for human life.”
The forensic team also found that problems may persist because Iran has not responded to those concerns “in clear and compelling terms, potentially putting the planes at continued risk,” especially when Iran is in a time of heightened tensions. Increases your defense posture.”
Iran initially denied responsibility for the January 8, 2020 crash, but said three days later that a Ukraine-bound Boeing 737-800 was mistaken for a missile amid heightened tensions with the United States. was. This was acknowledged after video footage on social media appeared to show at least one missile colliding with the jet.
The disaster came hours after Iran fired missiles at two US military bases in Iraq in response to the killing of US top Iranian general Qasem Soleimani near Baghdad airport on orders from then US President Donald Trump.
“The facts are clear: Iran is responsible for the deaths of 176 innocent people,” Foreign Minister Marc Garneau said in a virtual news conference on Thursday.
Garneau reiterated the government’s objective of “full compensation”. These include a full account of the incidents, “complete transparency” about ongoing criminal trials and Iran’s guarantees on the steps taken to avoid future tragedies, he said.
by Christopher Reynolds