Mexico ranks 43rd on the Global Food Security Index with a score of 69.1 percent. However, the disappearance of the National Financiera de Desarolo Agropecurio, Rural, Forestal y Pesquero (FND) and a reduction in support for rural areas have changed this panorama, explains federal deputy Felifer Macías Olvera.
Food availability is the weakest aspect in Mexico, ranking 54th worldwide and 10th in Latin America. The main reason for this is the lack of investment in agricultural research, development and infrastructure as well as in the supply chain.
With the disappearance of the FND and reduction in financial aid, Mexico could experience food insecurity, as without access to credit and economic resources, farmers would find it difficult to invest in technology and modernize their operations.
“Given this scenario, it is necessary to implement strategies and programs to fill the void left by FND. Financing options should be explored, training should be promoted and the technology used should be adopted. Simultaneous research must be strengthened”, indicates the chairman of the Justice Commission.
Currently, the Mexican primary sector contributes three percent of GDP; In 2022, the agri-food trade balance is projected to record a surplus of $5.077 billion due to an increase in exports. However, recent figures show that the country has slipped to 81st position in supply adequacy in the availability pillar.
“Mexico has more than 126 million inhabitants, ranking 11th among the world’s most populous countries. For this reason, we cannot afford a decrease in agricultural production and a greater dependence on food imports, the country’s self-sufficiency and could endanger food sovereignty”, argues Macías Olvera.
In addition to the disappearance of this organization, the problem of insecurity and violence in some regions of Mexico also affects food security. Violence in rural areas hinders production and access to food, as well as the functioning of markets.
“It is essential to strengthen security in rural areas and provide protection to farmers to ensure a safe and conducive environment for food production. This implies a coordinated action between the authorities, the security forces and the local communities”, said Felifer Macias. Querétaro insists, “The strategies must be implemented to prevent crime and combat violence, we must include those in the law. Stringent penalties should be established for those who threaten our food security. “Let’s work together to promote a resilient, sustainable and fair agricultural system for the benefit of all”, explains Felifer Macías Olvera.