Thursday, February 9, 2023

Fentanyl, the deadly drug consumed at the US-Mexico border

Mexico.- fentanylRainbow variant is also considered Synthetic pain reliever 50 times more potent than heroin why 100 times more than morphinewhose entry into the United States could turn into an invasion that the authorities of that country attribute to Mexican cartels.

consumption in mexico

According to statistics from the National Commission Against Addictions (KONADIK), the number of requests Counseling in rehabilitation centers in Mexico for use of fentanyl went from 5 in 2013 184 in 2021.

Esteban Ramírez Álvarez, President of the National Network of Centers for the Comprehensive Care of Addictions, explained that the consumption of fentanyl Occurs more often in northern border towns In the country and that it is also considered an epidemic in the United States, given that in 2021 overdoses due to the consumption of this substance were the main cause of death in that country, reaching a record of more than 107 thousand deaths. had reached

They also reported that patients who regularly used fentanyl in Mexico thought they were still using heroin and were unaware of the substance.

“In Los Mochis, specifically in CRREAD 10 de Mayo, three patients who used fentanyl were treated in 2022, today in this year 2023 we have received two patients who have requested their rehabilitation for this use ,” They said.

Based on information documented by Konadic, Ramírez Álvarez commented that over the past three years, various social organizations have identified that fentanyl has begun to flood the drug market along Mexico’s northern border and that the main reason, he said, is producers. And for smugglers additionally less time and work translates into more profit Contributed to the closure of the border during the pandemic What portion of the fentanyl sold in the United States was assigned Stay in Mexican territory.

DEA Information

The drug’s effects have been so widespread in the United States that the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has an official page with the historic number of fentanyl seizures on its cover, more than 379 million doses that qualify as lethal. .

the topic was addressed recently north american leaders summit Held in Mexico City, where President Andrés Manuel López Obrador was host to his US counterpart, Joseph Biden, and Canadian Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, led to a recent report by National Defense Secretary, Luis Cresencio Sandoval. Which highlights the more than 1,000 percent increase in seizures so far under the current federal administration.

“Fentanyl is 1,079 percent more than seizures in the previous administration. Thus, a total of 6,273 kg of fentanyl is made, considering what has been done just this year, which is 168 kg,” the official explained.

He explained that these figures, from December 2018 to January 2022, were barely 532 kg of fentanyl seized between October 2014 and November 30, 2018, when Enrique Peña Nieto’s six-year term (2012-2018) ended.

It should be noted that the federal government leads a weekly security meeting, in addition, the statistics of drug seizures made in the country are also reported every week during the traditional morning conference of President López Obrador.

seizures in mexico

Through the thematic search engine of the National Transparency Platform (PNT), the Secretary of National Defense (Cedena) responded to the official letter number: 330026422005234 which reveals the official statistics of fentanyl seizures from 2015 to 2021, and despite the fact that There is no document where official figures for the year 2022 are ascertained, each seizure made is reported on the page of the Secretariat of Civil Defense and Protection of the Federal Government.

In 2015, the only fentanyl seizure was made in Ensenada, Baja California, in 2016 in Tecate, Baja California, while in 2017 to date, the largest seizures have been made in the border states of Sonora and Baja California, to which Sinaloa was added Is. Being the state, according to officials, where it is produced the most.

patient care

For Manuel Velázquez Ceballos, director of the Culiacan y Oriente Youth Integration Center (CIJ), the increase in fentanyl consumption and seizures is not due to the fact that it is a new substance, but because it was a substance that was already in use. Was on the market, but that it was used more for those who gave anesthesia and it began to be abused, in addition to mixing it with other substances strengthened the addiction to this drug.

He added that three patients who used other substances were registered with the CIJ and that since they did not have a substance of drug origin, they used fentanyl, so they were not patients who used only this anesthetic. Huh. “This problem is very serious in the United States, given the alarming statistics of fentanyl overdose deaths, where Mexico is believed to be a supplier for this substance reaching that country,” he said.

At this point, he said, it’s a substance that doesn’t live in this country, but where patients with complications from fentanyl use are reflected in border cities like Ciudad Juarez, Tijuana and Nogales, “here we have patients.” There is no history of people who have had to receive emergency care for consumption of this substance”.

He stressed that when patients are diagnosed with anxiety or depression-like behaviors, they can be deterred from starting to use the substance, “but it is much more of a deterrent, and if there is a condition of consumption , then they themselves request themselves.” – Diagnose care on an outpatient or hospitalization basis on a case-by-case basis”.

the figure

2023 seizure

168 kg have been seized so far this year, Reported the chief of Sedena, Luis Cresencio Sandoval, as part of the report to the United States and Canada at the leaders’ summit.

context

DEA closes 2022 with historic seizures

To close out the year 2022, United States authorities seized more than 379 million lethal doses of fentanyl, which they attribute to criminal organizations in Mexico.

The DEA announced that from January 1 to December 22, 2022, a total of 50.6 million fentanyl pills and more than 4,500 kg of fentanyl powder were seized as a result of the operations.

According to estimates by the DEA laboratory and information provided by the head of the anti-drug agency, Anne Milgram, the amount of fentanyl seized during 2022 will be enough to kill everyone in the United States (USA).

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“Fentanyl is the deadliest drug in this country,” the DEA acknowledged in a statement. It should be noted that this opioid is 50 times more potent than heroin, as only two milligrams can be enough to end a person’s life.

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