- esophageal cancer recognize early: Symptoms and Warning Signs interpret
- Rare cancer: Frequently recognized only at an advanced stage
- Causes and risk factors: Then you are particularly at risk
- prognosis and treatment: That is how it goes after the diagnosis further
Die esophagus belongs to gastrointestinal tract and transports food from the throat to the stomach. Cancer of the esophagus is comparatively rare in Germany: men are four to five times more likely than women. The median age at diagnosis is 67 for men and 71 for women. The insidious thing about the disease: Symptoms usually appear very late. In many cases, patients only see a doctor at an advanced stage – for example because of difficulty swallowing. Therefore you should know the main symptoms of the esophageal cancer know. You might also be interested in: Deadly tumors – the most life-threatening cancer diseases.
Causes and risk factors: what promotes esophageal cancer
As with most types of cancer, the exact cause of esophageal cancer is not fully understood. The development of a cancer goes on a DNA change return. When certain cells multiply uncontrollably due to altered DNA, they form Cancer.
But it is clear that it some risk factors exist that can promote cancer. These are the most important:
- Too much alcohol consumption
- Untreated, chronic heartburn
- Drinks that are too hot (over 65 degrees)
- Tumors in the mouth and throat
- Injuries to the esophagus
- gastric occlusion
Symptoms of cancer: You need to know these warning signs
The dangerous thing about one Esophageal Cancer Disease is that most of the clear symptoms appear very late. So many patients only see a doctor when the disease is already well advanced.
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The first indications of possible esophageal cancer can arise, for example, if the patient Previous illnesses such as reflux disease suffers or over increasing difficulty swallowing reported. These are the most important symptoms of the disease:
- Strong weight loss
- indigestion and heartburn
- Pain when swallowing and frequent choking
- Chronic cough
- Food comes up again
Treatment: This happens after the esophageal cancer diagnosis
Treatment can vary depending on when esophageal cancer is diagnosed. It depends where exactly it has spread and how big it is. The therapies can be combined as needed. Usually there is one Surgery, radiation or chemotherapy in question.
If the esophageal cancer has progressed so far that treatment can no longer cure or regress the tumor, a palliative care attempts to control tumor-related symptoms, pain, and distress. the therapy will be whole in any case individually tailored to the patient.
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