Saturday, October 23, 2021

Fish and Wildlife Service declares 23 species extinct in 19 states

29 September (WNN) — Federal protection is no longer required for 23 species in 19 states—not because they have rebounded, but because they no longer exist.

The US Fish and Wildlife Service declared 22 animal and one plant species extinct on Wednesday.

“These species no longer exist and, no longer meet the definition of an endangered species or endangered species under the Endangered Species Act 1973,” officials wrote in a report to be published Thursday in the Federal Register.

The ivory-beaked woodpecker, the Bachan’s warbler, the eight birds of Hawaii and one bird and bat from Guam were among the extinct species.

The report also confirmed the loss of two fish species. Scioto Madtom And San Marcos Gambusia, as well as eight species of freshwater mussels from the southeast.

Tierra Curry, a senior scientist at the Center for Biological Diversity, said, “The Endangered Species Act has prevented the extinction of 99% of the plants and animals under its care, but sadly, these species have become extinct or nearly eliminated.” She was done.” in a press release.

“The tragedy will only escalate if we don’t prevent this from happening again by fully funding the species’ conservation and fast-moving recovery efforts,” Curry said. Delay equals death to vulnerable wildlife. ”

Although all 23 species were listed as endangered or threatened, scientists at the Center for Biological Diversity suggest that the Fish and Wildlife Service has been too slow to provide species protection.

According to a 2016 study, at-risk species wait an average of 12 years after a proposal for federal protection.

Many of the 23 species scheduled for delisting disappeared during the lengthy listing process, including the Guam broadbill and little Mariana fruit bat, as well as the southern acornshell, stirrupshell and upland combshell mussel.

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“We are at risk of losing hundreds more species because of a lack of urgency,” Curry said. “The Endangered Species Act is the most powerful tool we have to end extinction, but the sad reality is that listing is still too late for most species.”

Curry said, “The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service needs to improve its process to protect the species to avoid further extinction, and to do so it needs funding. We’re looking at bureaucratic delays and extinctions.” cannot cause to happen.”

Two of the birds proposed for delisting, the ivory-billed woodpecker and Bachmann’s warbler, have long been sought after by birders and ornithologists. But researchers from the Fish and Wildlife Service found no credible evidence of the sighting over the past several decades.

“NS [Bachman’s warbler] The species has not been seen in the United States or Cuba since the 1980s, despite extensive efforts to locate and verify potential sightings,” officials wrote in the report. Therefore, we conclude that the best available scientific and Occupational information indicates that the species is extinct.”

Reports of an ivory-billed woodpecker in Arkansas surfaced in 2004, including video and audio documents, but the footage was deemed inconclusive and subsequent surveys of the Cache River National Wildlife Refuge were rare but large and rather imperceptible any signs of the bird. Failed to turn on. .

“Despite decades of extensive survey efforts, the ivory-billed woodpecker has not been definitively sighted since 1944,” the officials wrote.

They wrote, “The loss of mature forest habitat and extensive collection of the species was likely to lead to its extinction in the 1940s or shortly thereafter. Therefore, we conclude that the best available scientific and commercial information indicates that the species is extinct. has occurred.”

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