In the latest National Survey of Victimization and Perception of Public Security (ENVIPE) 2023, conducted by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography, it was revealed that Mexico the number of victims and the number of incidents decreased in 2022 compared to 2021.
Regarding the public’s perception of insecurity in federal entities, Baja California Sur occupies first place as the lowest state in terms of insecurity, with 33.4%, followed by Yucatán with 37.8% and Coahuila with 44.1%. On the contrary, the most unsafe entities, according to the ENVIPE study, are Zacatecas, with a shocking 91.9%; the state of Mexico, with 88.0%, and Morelos, with 87.0%.
Regarding the types of crimes, Fraud is the most frequent behavior, with a rate of 5,770 cases, followed by robbery or assault on the streets or in public transportation with 5,689 cases, and the extortion, with 5,056 cases.
The southern state of California is among 17 states where fraud is the most common crime while in 10 of them extortion prevailed and in the other five robberies or attacks on the streets or in public vehicles.
Likewise, in 2022, male and female victims decreased compared to the year 2021. When comparing the data from 2022 to 2021, The number of crime victims decreased in seven states, It increased in another seven and remained unchanged in eighteen of them, including the southern state of California, which, according to the survey, had no changes, but in numbers it showed an increase in the number of cases, from 19,003 to of 19,901 per 100 thousand inhabitants in the aforementioned period.
In most personal crimes, the incidence of crime is higher among men than among women. However, Women are more vulnerable to crimes of a sexual nature, with a total of 11 sexual crimes committed against women for every sexual crime committed against men, according to the survey.
Regarding the total costs obtained from insecurity and crime in households, it reached a figure of 319.1 billion pesos, equivalent to an average of 8,192 pesos per affected person.
Regarding the most reported criminal behavior, Victims of total car theft suffered an average loss of $30,308 pesos in 2022, compared to $33,615 pesos last year, which represents a decrease. However, people who were victims of fraud experienced an average loss of $14,653 pesos last year, a figure higher than the $10,442 pesos recorded in 2021.