Friday, January 27, 2023

From the UK to Pakistan, climate in 2022: droughts, floods and storms

Madrid, 18 December. The climate crisis has once again confirmed its dramatic effects on a global scale: 2022 has once again been the scene of storms, melting polar ice caps, catastrophic floods in Pakistan, dramatic droughts in Africa and persistent heatwaves. Heat wave that has broken temperature records in Asia and Europe.

Melting of glaciers has worsened with record levels around the European Alps and sea level rise continues on a planetary scale.

In particular, according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Antarctica is losing its ice sheet faster than ever and so is Greenland, which received rain and no snowfall for the first time in September.

On the other hand, the southern African region was hit by stormy winds at the start of the year, which was hit by cyclones for two months, with Madagascar being the most affected country, where torrential rains were recorded along with devastating river floods.

Later, in September, Hurricane Ian in the Atlantic caused widespread damage and many deaths in Cuba and also pounded southwestern Florida, and Fiona also hit Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic.

On the Asian continent, record rainfall this summer has led to dramatic flooding in Pakistan, affecting some 33 million people and killing more than 1,200, according to UN officials.

In Africa, Kenya’s persistent drought, the worst in 40 years, has worsened after a fourth consecutive season of below-normal rains and more than 4.35 million Kenyans starving.

On the other hand, beyond traditionally warm enclaves such as the Horn of Africa, the Persian Gulf, the Americas or the Mediterranean, higher temperatures have also rocked much of northern Europe.

In addition, China suffered the longest and most persistent heat wave on national record, with the second driest summer. The Yangtze River in Wuhan has reached its lowest level ever in August.

The WMO warns that “the past few years are on track to be the eight warmest on record.”

According to the services of the European Copernicus Earth Observation Programme, this summer’s prolonged period of extreme heat in Europe “could be the worst in 500 years”, with July the hottest month on record, in western Europe.

In France, the month of May was the warmest ever recorded, and in Portugal too, while in Spain it has only been surpassed since 1964, with Seville reaching 41 °C for the first time that month and Jain Hot at its hottest May.

Already in July, the United Kingdom recorded a national record for maximum temperature: 40.3 °C, in Coningsby, Lincolnshire (east of the country), while in France, Germany or Poland, exceptionally high values ​​were also recorded. Huh.

Hot Spain has had 42 days under a heat wave this summer, almost half the season, which is three times the annual average of the last decade and six times the previous ones; To this is added the above-normal surface water temperature of the Mediterranean without interruption.

Water scarcity due to low rainfall, with low-minimum reservoirs, coupled with heat and drought in traditionally cold regions of Europe – has led to extraordinary restrictions on water – even for human consumption.

In Spain, in areas such as Catalonia, ranges are still maintained in some populations in the autumn.

European rivers such as the Rhine, Loire and Danube have seen their respective flows fall to critically low levels this summer, and the heat and lack of rain due to the extreme dryness of the land have been breeding grounds for mega-fires.

According to data from the Copernicus Emergency Management System, as of October, by the end of the summer season, the total area burned by that time in the EU was more than 770,000 hectares, compared to an average of 280,000 per year. In the period 2006-2021.

The figures for Spain are dire: almost 300,000 hectares have been destroyed by fire so far in 2022, compared to an average of 60,000 hectares per year, five times more than normal.

Large fires have also spread to Greece, France, Portugal, Germany or the Czech Republic, and outside the continent mega-wildfires have once again occurred in regions such as California (USA).

On the other hand, according to the WMO, the La Nina phenomenon, which is normally associated with colder-than-normal weather globally, is likely to persist through the end of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and could contribute to prolonged drought or flooding. , which depends on the location. Planet.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
Nation World News is the fastest emerging news website covering all the latest news, world’s top stories, science news entertainment sports cricket’s latest discoveries, new technology gadgets, politics news, and more.
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