Thursday, February 2, 2023

Gabo’s Macondo and why development should be supportive

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Macondo was destined for its own disasters and devastation because of its lack of solidarity. Gabriel García Márquez himself remarked several times that the city of One Hundred Years of Solitude, the same place of Latin American gypsies and yellow butterflies, on the banks of a river of clear water, detailed its own destruction for lack of brotherhood. , because of the loneliness of each character when each faces misfortune on his own.

And the lack of brotherhood may be the cause of the destruction of our real world. We need to be helpful for the future. It is the only path left for us in the face of the complex scenarios that lie ahead of us in the coming years.

The last United Nations conference on climate change, known as COP27, focused precisely on accountability—and solidarity—which means development. Therefore, a historic achievement for humanity was achieved with the creation of a fund for loss and damage, as well as another initiative led by Spain and Senegal to develop resilience and prevention in the face of drought. It is only fair that the countries that have contributed the least to causing the climate crisis are not the ones bearing the costs of the disasters. A natural disaster wipes out years of hard work and investment in an instant, and it comes at an even greater cost in poor countries.

Solidarity is also moving towards a regulatory framework so that the entire planet can have access to a multi-hazard early warning system. These are initiatives led by the United Nations Secretary-General, the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction with the World Meteorological Organization, to guarantee that the entire planet has access to these early warning systems, especially the lowest developed countries and small island developing states.

It is a simple yet important commitment. Just 24 hours’ notice reduces mortality, economic losses and impacts by up to 30%. It is important to adapt them to different groups, generate previous tasks with adequate preparation, as well as expand social protection measures to leave no one behind.

We must also consider solidarity in terms of the resources and support we offer. While some countries in the Americas and the Caribbean are among the top five countries in the world for investment in research and development (R&D), the rest of the region is still far from acceptable levels. In addition, there is a tendency to reduce the fiscal space of the states and reduce the contribution of science and technology from the national budget.

This is counterproductive if we really want to reduce the risk of disasters and their effects on our societies. The development and dissemination of science-based methods, tools and technical support to strengthen climate change prevention, mitigation and adaptation helps reduce the number of affected populations and the economic losses.

This is why science and technology for comprehensive management will be a central focus of the VIII Regional Forum for Disaster Risk Reduction in the Americas and the Caribbean, to be held in Punta del Este, Uruguay, from February 28 to March 2. Sector. As proposed by the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-2030), it focuses on consolidating approaches to identifying, recording and reporting hazards, whether directly or indirectly linked to disasters Will also be focused.

It is also a meeting place for governments, intergovernmental organizations, the private sector, civil society, cooperation agencies and academia, as well as other relevant actors in the region, to exchange experiences. All under one powerful and precise approach: Prevention saves lives.

At a time when aid is becoming more essential than ever, preventing the design of clear policies worked jointly between multiple sectors and levels of government, not leading with the private sector taking action and raising awareness, and Not involving society in general cements our own doom. So it is our duty to come together to build prepared and resilient societies to face this scenario.

In his Essay on the Intellectual Powers of Man, published in 1786, the Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid asserted that a chain is only as strong as its weakest link. This saying is fully applicable to the scenario we are facing and the solidarity that is expected of us.

COP27 was a meeting of significant progress in being able to deal with the coming crisis, although there is still a long way to go. However, it is important to build on these achievements and help all countries build a resilient, prosperous and equitable future. No disaster.

At the end of One Hundred Years of Solitude, when Aureliano Babilonia read Melquiades’s parchments, he realized, too late, that Macondo would be ravaged by devastation and non-cohesion genealogy, condemned to a century of seclusion. , there will be no second life. opportunity on earth. We still have time to take action, show solidarity, create second chances through prevention. Our survival depends on it.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
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