Tuesday, May 30, 2023

Gender inequality: Peru has the highest inequality gap in Latin America

Inequality. Peru has a higher percentage of gender inequality compared to other Latin American countries. Photo: diffusion

For social gender equality, Peru has one of the largest gaps for men with 10% compared to women, with a tendency to rise, the average in Latin America is 7%.

This indicates the Index of Social Progress of Women and Men (Idsmh) in Latin American Regions 2023, prepared by the Center of the Pontifical University of the Catholic University of Peru (PUCP).

The study shows that the search for equality between women and men must be firmly supported in all regions of Latin America, since there is a gap that favors men and women. Only one region out of a total of 191 subnational political demarcations evaluated (Michoacán de Ocampo in Mexico) achieved an equal gap of 0.8% favoring women.

Another indicator that reflects the inequality between men and women is the ideal in the treatment of both sexes in the regions. According to the study, the average advantage in the index of social development between men and women increases if we consider when it comes to samples in the interior of the nation, the average advantage of 14.3% of men registered in American women, reaching this mark. to exceed 20% in Andean countries such as Ecuador and Peru.

Information from the Center, PUCP school is offered for good business, after evaluating and analyzing the eight largest economies in Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador) in terms of education, health autonomy and opportunities.

According to the 2021 PAR Ranking, in that year 23% of the top positions in the organizational structure of Peruvian companies were held by women, two points more than in 2020. Photo: diffusion.

The results of the study indicate that in the dimensions of health and education there are fewer gaps and advantages for men over women. The health gap favors women in 148 countries out of a total of 191, while the education gap favors women in 107 countries.

The results are completely opposite in the dimensions of autonomy and opportunity. In the region of autonomy, the gap favors people in all regions absolutely; meanwhile, the opportunities dimension favors gaps for people in 161 countries.

Injuries to Peru

According to the study, the gender gap in Peru is foreign to women, with an average of -12.1% and most countries (19 out of 26) with a greater gap than 10%. Regarding the position that Peru occupies in comparison with other Latin American countries, women are placed in last place in the general index and in the dimension of opportunity, but in sixth place in the dimensions of education and health.

On the other hand, men occupy the last place in the list of opportunity, but the 2nd place in autonomy.

On average, the Idsmh of women in Peru is lower than the Latin American average, while men, except for the dimension of autonomy, are below average.

Women in Metropolitan Lima and Ica achieve a low Idsmh, as well as 19 other regions that put the index low, while those living in Cajamarca, San Martín, Huancavelica, Apurímac and Huánuco achieve the highest Idsmh.

“Discriminations at the regional level can be of concern, especially in terms of economic autonomy and decision-making by men over women, but we need to know what policies involve the health, education and economy of our people, which they are. These gaps arise,” said Luis del Carpio, director of the Office of the Transfer of Research Results (OTRI) of the PUCP Center.

In Peru, the gender gap does not favor women. Photo: diffusion

Differences need to be reduced

Through its conclusions, the Center’s report says that it can be concluded that there is a need for equality of action to reduce gender differences.

Policies must be more aggressive to reduce the large gaps in autonomy and opportunities in favor of people.

The differences are very painful, especially in terms of economic autonomy (due to differences in income, unpaid work and economic dependence), and decision-making; and in terms of variables such as use (adequate use and functioning).

The word

Ludovicus del Carpio, PUCP Center

“The differences in the regional environment are worrying, especially in terms of economic autonomy and decision-making by men over women. The inequality persists.”

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Deskhttps://nationworldnews.com/
Nation World News is the fastest emerging news website covering all the latest news, world’s top stories, science news entertainment sports cricket’s latest discoveries, new technology gadgets, politics news, and more.
Latest news
Related news


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here