Another year has passed and delegates from 197 countries, along with non-governmental organizations, businesses, activists and other stakeholders, gathered in Dubai, UAE, at the United Nations Climate Change Conference from November 30 to December 12, 2023. This is the 28th edition of what is also known as the Conference of the Parties (COP), whose objective is to determine the objectives and responsibilities, as well as to identify and evaluate the measures that will be done in the fight against climate change.
One of the main tasks this year at COP28 is the conclusion of the first Global Stocktake used to monitor progress in achieving the goals agreed upon in the Paris Agreement. This agreement establishes measures for the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG), in order to keep the increase in the global average temperature below 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels, trying to limit that increase to 1.5° c.
According to the independent scientific project The Climate Action Tracker, none of the countries analyzed is on track to meet the goal of keeping the temperature rise at 1.5°C, based on actions, individual objectives and policies implemented. for each government. As our graph shows, only a few countries, such as Norway, Costa Rica or Nigeria, have done “nearly enough” work to achieve this goal. The actions of the countries of the European Union, along with major GHG emitters such as the United States, the United Kingdom and Japan, were rated as “inadequate.” This qualification means that a country’s climate policies and commitments need significant improvements to be in line with what was agreed in Paris, and if it continues, a warming of between two and three degree can be achieved.