Davos (Switzerland). UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned during his speech at the Davos Forum today that “we are losing” the battle to not exceed the limit of 1.5 degrees of average temperature rise for the planet set in the 2015 Paris Agreement.
This battle “may be won or lost in this decade and we are losing at the moment”, which means that, if the current rate of increase is maintained, this 21st century could exceed the average of 2.8 degrees, Which is defined as “disastrous consequences”, because in that case “parts of our planet would become uninhabitable and for many it would be a death sentence”.
The UN chief also referred to recent revelations that the Exxon oil company already knew in the 1970s that the planet was facing climate change, but did nothing to stop it and “like tobacco”. happened to industry, they tiptoed on their own. The scientific findings, they perpetuated a colossal lie and now those responsible must be held accountable, as the tobacco people did in their time.”
In addition, he called on the G20 countries to unite around a climate agreement that includes additional efforts to limit no more than 1.5 degrees of average temperature rise.
a bleak outlook
In his speech, Guterres drew a gloomy world panorama, beset by various simultaneous crises: with many countries on the brink of recession, inflation, economies still not having recovered from the pandemic, and conflicts like those in Ukraine “not only The untold causes cause suffering for the Ukrainian people but have profound global implications.
“All these challenges are interconnected, they pile up like a car wreck, and if in better times it would be difficult to find a solution, even more so now the world is far from united and instead geopolitical There remains enormous levels of political division and great mistrust”, he expressed with despair.
For this reason, the UN Secretary-General also called for reforms of a global financial system, calling on the global private business sector to change its models and practices to “systematically protect vulnerable countries from debt relief and support financing”. denies”. So that they contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, they include “expanding economic opportunities for women”, “achieving equity in the distribution of vaccines” and “achieving global food security”.
In addition, he has demanded that the US and China stop fueling their growing division, which he calls the “Great Fracture”, which could cost the global economy $1.4 trillion if it “separates the world’s two largest economies”. disconnection of economies”. world” which would mean “a rift of tectonic dimensions that could produce two trade rules, two major currencies, two internet networks and two conflicting artificial intelligence strategies”.
Despite the differences between the two countries, in his opinion it is “essential” that Washington and Beijing at least “commit together on climate action, trade and technology to avoid this disconnect and even the potential for future conflict”. can be saved”. EF green.