Smart vehicles, whose technological platforms allow their users to access functionalities that improve customer experience, run the risk of being hacked into their internet-connected systems, which is why such units target of cyber criminalsCyber security experts warn.
“possibility of harm” Cyberattacks on smart cars are huge, even… Hackers could launch massive attack that affects electric brakesHitting navigation systems, air conditioning and even engines, it would create massive chaos capable of ending human life, said Juan Carlos Carrillo, director of cybersecurity and data privacy at PwC Mexico.
He assured that, with the accelerating pace of digitization, cyberattacks could triple in 2030, for which he asked automakers to analyze regulations that guarantee security at all times.
“Some vehicles have up to 150 electronic control units and about 100 million lines of code, we’re talking about having even more lines of code than the iOS operating system,” said Juan Carlos Carrillo.
The executive recognized that vehicles being developed by Nissan, BMW Group, Stellantis, Mazda, Mitsubishi, GM, Ford, Kia, Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagen are already authentic. computers that have a large capacity to store information,
“Many cars have Geolocation And so there is data about where the user lives, where he works and even the routes he uses to get to the places he visits frequently.
He added that all this data collected is not known where it is stored, much less if it is far away from cyber criminals.
“Today we don’t know if the information is stored only in the car’s computer, if it is being stored in the manufacturer’s cloud or if this information goes through dealerships before reaching the parent company,” Carrillo said.
He affirmed that the collection of information will be even greater with the widespread use of electric cars, which have been developed in a completely digital context.
Carrillo said, “I do not rule out that as soon as the vehicle fleet is renewed in the country, we will start to see hacking and theft of information, after all, Mexico is one of the favorite targets of cybercriminals.”
Thieves can remotely start cars or even capture drivers’ information such as their addresses or frequently visited routes.
Assembly companies speed up the connection
In early January, NVIDIA and Hon High Technology Group (Foxconn), the world’s largest technology maker, announced a partnership to develop autonomous and automated vehicle platforms.
In the same vein, Ford Motor accelerated its interest in developing autonomous vehicles thanks to its involvement in self-driving car startup Argo AI.
At the end of 2022, 3,447 electric vehicles were sold in Mexico, according to estimates from consultancy JD Power, and placements are expected to reach over the next five years 32 thousand 547 units Thus every year.
“Certainly this year we will see the first cases of hacking of electric vehicles in Mexico, so before the sales of this type of vehicles accelerate, it should be clear whether the information collected is only used for statistical purposes Or if companies create a profile for each person,” Carrillo said.
Although the automotive industry already has threats on its radar, much still needs to be done to reduce the vulnerability of these units.
“Although the industry Already invests in cyber security of its smart vehiclesStill not enough to significantly reduce their vulnerability, what’s worse is the fact that so far there is no standardized regulation that automakers must follow,” said Jonathan Parada, cybersecurity and data privacy partner at PwC Mexico. explained.
Automotive cyber security services in the cloud are expected to grow from $1.74 billion in 2021 to $2.12 billion in 2022 and reach $4.14 billion in 2026.
According to Upstream, a company specializing in software development, removing a hacked unit from the market could cost a company about $400, but if you add in damage to brand image, lawsuits and public impact, this amount Increases to one thousand 100. million dollars.