Sunday, February 5, 2023

Health: Sector closes year at risk due to poor strategies and political instability

“We are the country with the highest mortality rate from COVID-19 in the first and second wave, and this must have woken us up. We had to change our system. says Dr. Cesar Portella, President of the Public Health Commission of Medical College of Peru (CMP),

Through the analysis of information from the Single National Repository of Health Information (Reunis), the National Center for Epidemiology, Prevention and Disease Control (CDC), the Ministry of Health (MINSA), Peru Compras, the Comptroller General of the Republic, among others, ecdata has created an X-ray of three diseases: COVID-19, monkeypox and anemia, and mental health conditions in Peru.

In the case of the coronavirus, the figures show that despite the fact that the disease has been less lethal in the year due to vaccination, the vaccination target was not met: 21.8% of adults still need to be given a third dose. Similarly, 56% of children aged 12 to 17 years and 66% of children aged 5 to 11 years do not receive a second dose. In September this year the comptroller general of the republic Warned of the loss of more than 11.2 million doses of the vaccine.

There are more than 3,600 cases of monkeypox. 96.5% correspond to men. Of these, 2,189 are in the age group of 30 to 59 years. Although the average number of weekly cases fell from 67 in the middle of the year to 4 in December, the progress of vaccination is not known. To date, Minsa has bought 9,800 bottles, of which half have arrived. On Monday, November 7, the vaccination process began, but only for people living with HIV.

With regard to anaemia, the figures show a 43% increase in cases since the beginning of the year. It rose from 490,000 cases in January to 700,000 in September. Affected regions grew from 14 to 19 and the budget for improving care and treatment capacity for people with anemia and for the prevention of anemia and chronic malnutrition corresponds to 0.09% of the region’s total budget.

Portela points out that when it comes to anaemia, the country has a higher rate of children between the ages of newborn and three years. “It is in areas such as Huancavelica, Puno, Ucayali and Cusco where we find the greatest number of children with anemia and this will hinder their growth and development. Anemia delays brain development in children and the effects are lifelong It has not been possible to control anemia in Peru. gives a warning.

Finally, although investment in mental health is set to increase in 2022, it does not represent even 2% of the sector’s budget. In addition, attention has been reduced and there is a waiting list. Lima has the highest number of patients at 45%. More than half of the sectors do not have the minimum number of professionals to deal with cases.

“All chronic diseases in the country hold a storehouse of unresolved questions,” says César Portella. As he points out, public strategies have not been optimal and the data show the instability of the sector and the effects of political mismanagement. “This is the result of frequent changes of health ministry officials and poor choice of officials,” he says.

Portela mentions that, at this time, Peru has the highest number of monkeypox cases worldwide. Although it is not fatal, it is worrisome, especially for those who have a pre-existing condition.

Along the same lines, says Pacey Myta-Tristan, director of research at Southern Scientific University, we maintain a fragmented, under-funded and poorly responsive health system. “Here we see the mismanagement of Peru Libre in the region, which caused Minsa to lose the leadership,” he highlighted.

lost strategy

one of the immediate measures proposed by cmp The first is to raise the level of meditation. 82% resolution of all diseases is possible at this stage. However, only 64% of the establishments are functional and 94% of them do not have sufficient installed capacity.

“They do not have human resources, a good infrastructure, medicines, equipment to conduct supportive tests. This means that we do not have a good control of the problems that will later seriously reach the hospital ”, warns Portella.

As the CMP spokesperson explained, this level must be addressed urgently in order to cover the large number of people with chronic problems. There has been an increase in the number of people with resistant tuberculosis and multidrug, as there has been no good control during the epidemic.

Similarly, the number of cancer patients has also increased. “People with advanced cancer problems are coming during 2020, 2021 and even 2022 because of not enough control. Diabetes is another problem that has increased. Therefore, the strategies have failed and a new course has to be taken in this coming year,” he asserted.,

Nation World News Desk
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