According to the Mayo Clinic, a non-profit organization devoted to clinical practice, high blood pressure (hypertension) is a common condition in which over time the force of blood against the walls of your arteries causes health problems such as heart disease. Is. , education and research.
Similarly, Medline Plus, the United States National Library of Medicine, explains that these levels are:
- a normal blood pressure It is less than 120/80 mm Hg most of the time.
- high blood pressure (hypertension) It is more than 130/80 mm Hg most of the time.
- If the top number for blood pressure is between 120 and 130 mm Hg and the bottom number is less than 80 mm Hg, it is said to be high. high blood pressure.
Furthermore, the World Health Organization (WHO) revealed that, according to an estimate, 46% of adults with high blood pressure are unaware that they have the condition and that modifiable risk factors include an unhealthy diet (excessive salt intake, saturated and diets rich in trans fats, and insufficient intake of fruits and vegetables), physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol use, and being overweight or obese.
However, there are non-modifiable risk factors, such as a family history of high blood pressure, age over 65, and comorbidities such as diabetes or kidney disease.
Meanwhile, according to the nonprofit, Most people with high blood pressure do not have any signs or symptoms. Even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels.
Although some people with high blood pressure may experience headache, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds, these signs and symptoms are not specific and usually do not occur until the disorder has progressed to a severe or life-threatening stage. Would have reached
Along the same lines, the library notes that high blood pressure can damage blood vessels in the retina, and symptoms can include double vision, weakened vision or loss of vision.
That said, the nonprofit points out that changing your lifestyle can help control high blood pressure and has some recommendations:
- Eat a heart-healthy diet with less salt (less than 5 grams per day) and salt should be iodized.
- Consume more fruits and vegetables: They provide vitamins and minerals and the World Health Organization recommends consuming at least 400 grams per day to reap their health and nutritional benefits.
- Do physical activity regularly: New WHO guidelines recommend at least 150 to 300 minutes of moderate- or vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity per week for all adults, including those with a chronic condition or disability, and daily for children and adolescents. 60 minutes on average.
- Maintain a healthy weight or lose weight if you are overweight or obese.
- Limit the amount of alcohol you drink: For healthy adults, drinking alcohol in moderation means up to one drink per day. For women of all ages and for men over 65, up to two daily.
In any case, the information provided above is in no way a substitute for medical advice and For this reason, the first thing to do is to consult a health expert so that it is he who guides the process and indicates what is most suitable for each individual.
Blood Pressure: How to lower it in a healthy way?
For those who don’t know, his heart beats about 200,000 times a day. An action that many people are not aware of, but without which they cannot live. Each heartbeat drives the blood through the veins and circulates it throughout the body.
“Blood pressure is the force that blood exerts against the walls of the arteries as it is pumped by the heart. blood pressure is highest when the heart contracts, pumping blood, and is called systolic pressure. When the heart is resting, between beats, the blood pressure decreases and this is called the diastolic pressure ”, they explain from the Spanish Heart Foundation.
It should be noted that arterial hypertension causes more deaths in the world than smoking. Even then, Nearly half of the world’s hypertensive population is not adequately controlled, Even though it is known that according to the Hypertension Council of the SAC (Argentine Society of Cardiology), blood pressure control reduces the incidence of stroke by 40% and myocardial infarction by 25%.
As experts describe, normal blood pressure is below 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). While it is considered high if it is between 120-139/80-89 mm Hg. Finally, a hypertensive person has a value above 140–90 mm Hg.
On the other hand, Harvard University states that Normal blood pressure is less than 120/80. However, previously, the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association indicated that the general guideline was 140/90.
How to measure it?
- According to Harvard. The pressure begins to be classified as high when the number falls below 120-129 mm Hg systolic and 80 mm Hg diastolic.
- Stage 1 hypertension guidelines are 130-139 systolic or 80-90 diastolic. Stage 2 blood pressure is above 140 systolic or 90 diastolic.
- Patterns of hypertensive crisis are greater than 180 mm Hg systolic and greater than 120 mm Hg diastolic.
ways to reduce stress
The Spanish Heart Foundation suggests these treatments to lower blood pressure and maintain good health:
- Limit the amount of alcohol.
- Take a healthy diet.
- give up smoking.
- edge off.
- Take medicine for high blood pressure as prescribed by your doctor.
- Make periodic measurements.
- reduce weight.
- Increase physical activity.
- Limit salt intake.
beet juice to lower blood pressure
Scientists have verified that the juice of this vegetable contains nitrate which helps in health problems like lowering blood pressure.
A study published in the American Medical Journal high blood pressure showed that blood pressure was reduced over a 24-hour period in both patients taking nitrate tablets and drinking beetroot juice.
On the other hand, a previous study conducted in the United Kingdom concluded that Consuming half a liter of beetroot juice daily helps in lowering the blood pressure significantly. People with common values.
“We showed that beetroot and nitrate capsules are equally effective in lowering blood pressure, indicating that beetroot juice contains nitrates that reduce its pressure-lowering potential,” Dr. Amrita Ahluwalia Told. , study author and professor of vascular pharmacology Hospital Barts and of school of medicine from London.