Sunday, September 25, 2022

High cholesterol: the ‘stinky’ warning sign that indicates your levels are too high

Cholesterol is not intrinsically bad. In fact, the body needs it to function. However, persistently high cholesterol levels can lead to serious complications, some of which present frightening symptoms. The most obvious signs of high cholesterol stem from peripheral artery disease (PAD), whereby a build-up of fatty deposits made of cholesterol and other waste materials block the arteries and restrict blood supply to the leg muscles.

“Although PAD is not immediately life-threatening, the process of atherosclerosis that causes it can sometimes lead to serious and fatal problems, such as severe limb ischemia that occurs when blood flow to the legs is severely impaired. gets banned,” warns Doctor Sami Firouzzi. Consultant Cardiologist at Harley Street Clinic, part of HCA Healthcare UK.

A telltale sign of this complication is “stinky pus” on your toes and lower limbs.

Doctor Turozhi explained: “The skin on your toes or lower limbs becomes cold and numb, turns red and then black, and/or begins to swell and produce foul-smelling pus, causing severe pain ( gangrene).

Other serious warning signs include:

  • severe burning pain in your legs and feet that persists even after you have rested
  • Your skin is becoming pale, shiny, smooth and dry
  • sores and ulcers (open sores) on your legs and feet that do not heal
  • Loss of muscle in your legs.
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Read more: High cholesterol: The ‘feeling’ in your feet that may signal high cholesterol levels

“Your GP may refer you for blood tests to check your cholesterol levels if they think you are at risk – this is your age, weight, smoking status, if you have diabetes, or a family history of it or No, would be based on high cholesterol or heart problems,” explained Dr. Firouzzi.

A blood test will show total cholesterol, including the levels of “good” and “bad” cholesterol in your blood.

HDL cholesterol is commonly called “good” cholesterol because it picks up LDL cholesterol — the “bad” kind — and transports it to the liver where it is flushed out.

“If you have a history of heart disease such as coronary artery disease or stroke, you may also be tested for increased cholesterol,” said Dr. Ferozzi.

how to lower high cholesterol

The doctor said: “High cholesterol can often be reduced by eating healthy and making lifestyle changes, such as increasing exercise, reducing alcohol consumption, and smoking cessation.”

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What counts as healthy food?

There are many foods that are not only part of a healthy diet, they can actively help lower your cholesterol as well.

According to cholesterol charity Heart UK, reducing saturated fat and replacing some of it with unsaturated fat is a great way to lower your cholesterol.

Unsaturated fat is found in processed and fatty meats such as sausage, ham, burgers and bacon.

Instead, you should opt for unsaturated fats, which are found in:

  • Vegetable oils such as olive, sunflower, corn, rapeseed, walnut and seed oils
  • Avocado, Nuts and Seeds
  • Fat spreads made from vegetable oils, such as sunflower and olive oils
  • oily fish.

According to cholesterol charity Heart UK, oily fish is a good source of healthy unsaturated fats, especially a type called omega-3 fat.

“Aim to eat two portions of fish per week, of which at least one should be oily,” advises Hart UK.

The charity adds: “Avoid coconut and palm oils because, unlike other vegetable oils, they are high in saturated fat.”

Nation World News Desk
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