PHOENIX (AP) – Skin color affects the daily life and long-term success of Hispanics in the United States, according to the Pew Research Center, which emerged as colorism became more prevalent.
A non-partisan research center surveyed 3,375 Hispanics living in the US and found that 62% say dark skin reduces their chances of success, and 59% say lighter skin helps them. The study was published on Thursday.
It came just months after colorism – discrimination based on skin tone, often from within someone’s own ethnic group – gained widespread attention with the release of Up the Mountains, which was criticized for not starring black African-Hispanics. roles.
For the past couple of years, racism has been the focus of the nation, but colourism has not been discussed as often.
Some sociologists believe this is in part because colorism emphasizes divisions within racial and ethnic groups. Others add that colorism is an age-old worldwide problem that manifests itself in the Latin American countries colonized by Spain, and where white skin has long been considered better than dark skin and indigenous peoples. Many Hispanics in the United States may have these internal biases.
A Pew study found that 57% of Hispanics say their skin color affects their daily lives, and most black Hispanics have been discriminated against because of it.
Nadia Y. Flores-Yeffal, associate professor of sociology at Texas Tech University, said the results are backed up by years of research that shows black people make less money and face more bigotry.
The problem is not only in the United States. In Mexico, indigenous people are looked down upon, while white-skinned Mexicans are among the most powerful politicians, businessmen and celebrities.
The way people with dark skin are portrayed in films and on television – if it happens at all – also affects how we perceive them, Flores-Yeffal said. “In the Heights” was hardly an exception – in most American media, darker Latinos are overrepresented in minor roles or as gangsters, while lighter ones are more likely to play prominent roles, even though Latinos in general underrepresented.
Flores-Jeffal says colorism has been around for centuries. “And it doesn’t look like he’s not going anywhere,” she said.
Laura E. Gomez, professor of law and author of Inventing Hispanics: A New History of American Racism, praised the Pew study, saying it was based on hard data.
For Gomez, even talking about colorism is a good step towards solving the problem. While it may be uncomfortable for some Hispanics to talk about internal divisions, she said, they are synonymous with racism in general.
“You cannot choose one or the other. To fight anti-Latin racism, we must talk about racism in the Latin American community, ”Gomez said.