TEGUCIGALPA ( Associated Press) – The Honduran government published a legislative decree Monday that brings into effect a partial state of emergency ordered by President Xiomara Castro to control gangs following a surge in crimes such as extortion, murder and kidnapping. ,
The state of exception is specifically for 89 neighborhoods and neighborhoods in Tegucigalpa and 73 in San Pedro Sula, major cities in the country and which have more crimes attributed to gang action, especially Mara Salvatrucha MS-13 and neighborhood 18. The measure will be applicable for one month.
10 days ago, it also declared a state of security emergency due to the increase in extortion in transport,
The exception decree came into force immediately after being published on Monday in the official newspaper La Gaceta and is valid until January 6, 2023. During its term, the National Congress can modify and expand it.
The decree included among its arguments “the serious disturbance of peace and security that prevails in the main cities of the country, inevitably carried out by organized criminal groups, which operate as a mafia, endangering people’s lives and property”. Let’s put in.”
It also mentions that the cessation of “crimes of extortion, murder, robbery, drug trafficking and kidnapping” by these groups is in accordance with the guarantees established in Articles 69, 78, 81, 84, 93 and 99 of the Constitution of the Republic. Supports suspension. ,
Those articles refer to personal liberty, freedom of association and assembly, free movement of persons, legality of arrest and search.
Retired national police commissioner and analyst Leandro Osorio told The Associated Press that it is a social control plan in which police will take repressive measures in addition to preventive measures.
“The intent is to penetrate these criminal structures and reach the dons (bosses), and it is important to profile juvenile delinquents and those who commit crimes regularly, both independently and in association with criminal structures,” he said.
In the opinion of the former police chief, control through this strategy will not be easy and should be a task that involves the entire justice system, the entire public administration and telecommunications operators to control extortion.
For his part, security analyst Raul Pineda Alvarado remarked in a conversation with the Associated Press that the Honduran government’s strategy bears no resemblance to the actions taken by President Nayib Bukele in El Salvador.,
He explained that a totalitarian project was established in El Salvador through the so-called Regional Control Plan. In his opinion, this strategy has given results. He states that in four months there are 0.4 murders per 100,000 inhabitants in El Salvador. In contrast, he points out, the figure for Honduras maintains that figure at 37, the country with the highest number of crimes in Central America.
“What has been implemented in Honduras is an imitation, an action that lacks the qualities of a minimal project, although it is true, official, has demonstrated its effectiveness and where the government of El Salvador has made a very large amount of resources have been invested”, he said.
Honduras intensified its security strategy due to an increase in homicides and kidnappings, as well as allegations of extortion in the transportation sector and businesses by MS-13, Barrio 18 and other criminal structures.