For decades, films such as Steven Soderbergh’s Contagion, 12 Monkeys, Terry Gilliam’s, Outbreak, Michael Ballhaus’s or even the Case 63 podcast have proposed a world end based on alien invasions and wars, to name a few. Much more real and closer to focus: the pandemic.
Unfortunately, these events have marked the history of humanity for many years, influenza, Ebola, black plague, rabies, HIV and bird flu, to name a few; caused by pathogens coming from animals, either by direct contact or by consuming food obtained from infected animals; Even more World Wide Fund for Nature(WWF for its abbreviation in English), mentions that 70% of human diseases are of zoonotic origin.
And although science and technology have been important tools to contain its infection, and currently the reduction of the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus is beginning to take effect, thanks to the measures implemented, a lesson that has been established is that is that hard work has to be done to stop the loss of biodiversity; according to data from united nations development program The evidence is also strong that the risk of contracting infectious diseases is very high when there is contact with wild species, especially those whose populations are being reduced by hunting, illegal trafficking and habitat loss.
Despite the fact that the direct destruction of the environment, the loss of biodiversity and the intensification of agriculture and livestock have exposed us to the presence of infectious diseases and the increased risk of contagion, we seem to have refused to notice that Earth constantly exposes us.
It is undeniable that biodiversity affects humans, and that contrary to what one might think, the balance in ecosystems depends on everything from microscopic creatures to large species; It is not only about analyzing how the loss of plants and animals can endanger humanity, but also how it helps us.
In information presented by the United Nations Organization, most drugs prescribed in industrialized countries come from natural compounds produced by animals and plants; Many natural remedies are familiar: pain relievers such as morphine derived from the opium poppy, the antimalarial quinine derived from the bark of the cinchona tree in South America, or the antibiotic penicillin produced by microscopic fungi; That is to say that in one way or the other we have to accept that we live in a vast laboratory which keeps on changing day by day, hence its protection is necessary.
and even the economic sector depends on biodiversity, in estimates of World Economic Forum It has been mentioned that half of the world GDP, about $44 trillion, depends on nature, to which it would be necessary to add the income generated by the pharmaceutical industry.
The current scenario is not easy, and as the phrase says: “Those who do not know their history are doomed to repeat it”Therefore, in the times we live in today, we must re-evaluate our relationship with nature and species, as there is no health without biodiversity, it is essential to understand.