According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), diabetes It is a chronic (long-term) disease that affects the way the body converts food into energy.
our body takes care break food Sugar enters the body and releases them into the bloodstream. On the other hand, the pancreas produces a hormone called insulin, which allows blood sugar to enter the body’s cells and be used as energy.
So, diabetes begins when there is no insulin Or the cells stop responding to it. This causes too much sugar to accumulate in the bloodstream, which can lead to serious health problems.
What are the reasons for diabetes?
Typically, when a person has a complete lack of insulin, they have type 1 diabetes, too little insulin, or diabetes. can’t use it effectively This is the result of type 2 diabetes.
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases indicates that type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Scientists believe that type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors Like viruses, which can trigger the disease.
On the other hand, type 2 diabetes can be achieved by lifestyle and genes, Not being physically active or being overweight or obese increases your chances of developing diabetes, as excess weight causes insulin resistance. However, like type 1 diabetes, the disease has a hereditary tendency.
Certain genetic mutations, other diseases, damage to the pancreas, and certain medications can also cause diabetes. symptoms According to the Mayo Clinic, diabetes includes:
- Sensation of thirst more than usual.
- frequent urination.
- Unintentional weight loss
- The presence of ketones in the urine, a by-product of the breakdown of muscle and fat that occurs when not enough insulin is available.
- Feeling tired and weak.
- feeling irritable or other mood changes.
- Blurred vision
- Wounds that heal slowly.
- Frequent infections, such as infections of the gums, skin or vagina.