Tuesday, May 30, 2023

How to provide an animal in pig farms?

Costa Rica People who participate in pig farming should invest and prioritize a good farm structure to provide pigs.

The conditions of the space, which range from hygiene to air conditions, are essential to guarantee the quality of the final product. Pork is one of the most consumed foods in the world, so it is necessary to have good production practices.

For a pig farm structure, biosecurity is essential

According to Akemi Valentia, Director of the MSD Animal Health Pig Responsibility Unit in Central America, the Caribbean and Ecuador (CENCA EC), the fundamental principle of the structure of a pig farm that guarantees animal health is the choice of location for the institution. for there must be a minimum among them to avoid the spread of diseases. In addition, it is important that the space of the facility is equipped to protect the pigs and to maintain the correct temperature control.

“Having a fence around it to prevent the entry of other animals, using biodigesters as an alternative to waste treatment, designating the facilities along the longitudinal axis so that the sun runs its daily trajectory and, at the time of construction, taking into account the sun’s trajectory (east-west orientation)” pig specialty production MSD Animal Health.

As pigs are animals that prefer environments with lower air and humidity temperatures, details such as structure and ceiling height are necessary to provide an appropriate climate for the well-being of herds.

“The roof receives solar radiation, so the appropriate material will be one that has thermal resistance. The ideal height from the floor to the ceiling should be between 3.0 m and 3.5 m, because the farther the animals are from the lower surface of the tile material, the lower the thermal load they receive”, advises Valencia.

Pig farming

Pig farming facilities must be managed according to the stage of production, because pigs have different physiological needs according to age, weight and, above all, the stage of production.

To ensure the welfare of the animals and the production of quality meat as a final product, the promoter of raising pigs must know the specific needs of each stage of production, especially after lactation and weaning, that is, growth, development and fattening. .

The needs, behavior and quality of the animals’ bodies vary according to each season and the management of resources depends on the pig farmer at each stage of production, the welfare of the animals and satisfactory zootechnical indicators.

“The management of the environment in intensive agricultural systems is very important. It is important to provide the right conditions, both in management and capacity, in climate control, nutrition and health in each generation stage”, said Akemi Valentia.

The artist highlighted the importance of thermal comfort for the development of pigs and showed the adaptations that he considers essential in the structure of the pig farm for greater animal comfort.

Keeping the environment clean, pest free, dry and warm are the first recommendations of the specialist. The structural conditions of the farm are as important as the nutrition of the pigs, which must also be adjusted according to the production period.

Again, Luis Diego Rojas, president of the Chamber of Costa Rican Pig Farmers (CAPORC), explains in the Costa Rican pig farm, observing suitable spaces for the comfort of animals according to their state of life. Farms have biosecurity measures, a veterinary medical service, and nutrition specialists who ensure that the pigs consume adequate diets according to their physiological requirements and needs.

“Costa Rican pig producers have invested in modernization, genetics, education and nutrition that year so that we have brought the parameters of production closer to the Latin American forces. The producer associated with CAPORC is the observance of animal health, the environment and the regulations of the state. The Costa Rican consumer can be sure that the pig that it is produced in Costa Rica of the highest quality, which is processed under the best biosafety, animal, welfare and environmental conditions,” said Rojas.

Fuente MSD Animal Health

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