Tuesday, May 30, 2023

How was the National Development Plan?

The bases of the PND 2022–2026 were retained in their original formulation, including five transitions, a chapter on total and integral peace, and a section devoted to individual actors for change, totaling eight. Each transformation is divided into catalysts and components.

refers to the first change Land use planning around water and environmental justice, I agree that this is the most important part of the plan, as it will transform planning and development through the updation of the Regional Administration System (SAT) and the Multipurpose Cadastre.

This change was the only one in which Congress did not modify the goals agreed upon between the national plan and other government entities.

With respect to the formalization of rural property into small and medium-sized units, the target is to reach 3.9 million hectares. The land distribution target is 3 million hectares, and it is intended that 70% of the geographical area will have an updated cadastre by the end of the 2022–2026 period.

the second change is Human Security and Social Justice, The change includes 27 components and 131 subcomponents. It is about meeting the most important demands of the communities in the DRV, such as universal social security, the priority of rights and fundamental freedoms, and the protection of territories and their communities.

The idea is to expand people’s freedom or capabilities to achieve full human development. A good example is that of the populist economy, which recognizes the presence of neighborhood shopkeepers and street vendors, but no longer views them solely from a welfare perspective.

Congress raised the target for annual growth in popular economy microbusiness income from 6 to 12% during this four-year period, a more ambitious target and in line with the results of the DEN Microbusiness Survey in 2022.

In addition, the indicator for the average weekly hours female heads of household devoted to caring for boys, girls, the elderly or disabled was eliminated. The reference figures and targets for people killed in traffic accidents were also updated.

the third change refers to human right to food, The idea is to gradually ensure that all people have access to enough food according to their needs. This amendment complements the regional one, as it proposes strategies to regulate agricultural production.

Links have also been made between physical access to food and elements such as efficient, digital supply chains and improved transport infrastructure.

Some of the goals included under this axis were adjusted during the parliamentary process. Production in priority agricultural chains increased from 38.9 to 39.1 million tonnes of food. In addition, the number of river port facilities to be intervened increased from 96 to 117 during this government.

is the fourth Productive Change, Internationalization and Climate Action, This includes important policies of the Petro Government, such as a fair, secure, reliable and efficient energy transition, as well as the reindustrialization policy.

The country’s low investment in research and development and reliance on fossil energy sources in the energy matrix has been recognized. Its objective is to diversify productive activities to enhance the country’s competitiveness while contributing to mitigating global warming and building a society that is resistant to the effects of climate change.

In this context, Congress adjusted some figures for the baseline indicators and key indicator targets, but in all cases the expected effect size was maintained.

last change is regional convergence which takes into account the social and economic differences between regions and between Colombian families.

Most of our municipalities, more than a thousand in total, have multidimensional poverty rates higher than the national average of 26%. Of these municipalities, 281 have a poverty rate two or more times the national average.

As part of this transformation, the PND intends to adopt a super-municipal development model to leverage existing infrastructure in cities and strengthen linkages between urban areas, urban and rural and sub-regions.

National and regional systems of productivity, competitiveness and innovation will also be improved through greater regional dialogue and with the world.

During the process in Congress, it was established that the goal of reducing the difference in the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) in PDET municipalities compared to the national average would not be a range between 7.4 and 10 percentage points, but within 10 percentage points. will be the limit.

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