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Tuesday, November 29, 2022

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: What is this disease that affects more than 8 thousand Argentines

Ipf Causes Scarring Of The Lung Tissue, Making It Thick And Hard/(Istock)
IPF causes scarring of the lung tissue, making it thick and hard/(Istock)

This marks the 6th of September world idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis dayA disease that affects more than 8 thousand Argentines, according to Argentine Association of Respiratory Medicine, This deformity occurs when tissue lung with progressive loss You healbecoming more thick You Tough, This usually happens in people over 60 years old, for which experts predict that its diagnosis will increase hand-in-hand with the increase in life expectancy. which are Symptomsmethods of diagnosis You remedy.

IPF is a pathology that is within a group called “said to be”.interstitial lung disease” So far, cause what is the cause of this disease has not been identifiedAlthough experts believe that certain environmental factors You genetic may contribute to its appearance. “In our country, although there are no reliable figures, Argentine Association of Respiratory Medicine estimated that the amount personality affected will be around 8000With 2,000 to 3,000 new cases per year”, he warned the scientific society itself.

Meanwhile, as it is believed that Event this disease will continue Growthbecause of Life expectancy For longer and earlier and more accurate diagnosis, thanks to improved techniques, experts cautioned about the importance of detecting early stages To optimize the administration of treatment.

Experts Pointed Out That Symptoms May Not Be Present In The Early Stages Of The Disease, And Appear When It Is Already Advanced/ (Getty Images)
Experts pointed out that symptoms may not be present in the early stages of the disease, and appear when it is already advanced/ (Getty Images)

“There are different types of interstitial lung diseases and many of them sooner or later lead to pulmonary fibrosis,” the pulmonologist said. Martin Fernandez (MN 122.441), coordinator of the Interstitial Lung Disease Section of the Argentine Association of Respiratory Medicine. “Although the cause is not known in most cases, there are associated factors,” explained a member of the Maria Ferrer Respiratory Rehabilitation Hospital’s Special Office in Interstitial Lung Disease.

For his part, the Argentine Association of Respiratory Medicine’s pulmonologist and coordinator of the Interstitial Pulmonary Disease Section, Dr. santiago auteric (MN 123770), reported that the risk factors associated with the disease include “the smokinglong term exposure contaminants hey eco powder or labor; lung infection viral or bacterial; some Medicine as some antibiotics, antiarrhythmics, anticonvulsants; gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD); and genetic predisposition.

The Most Common Symptom Is Shortness Of Breath, Which Is Reported By Patients
The most common symptom is shortness of breath, described by patients as a “suffocating sensation” / Photo: Kristin Kloss / DPA

according to experts, most common symptoms Is asthma (shortness of breath), which many patients describe as a “suffocating feeling”. Apart from this, this disease also shows as common symptoms. dry cough persistent and irritable; fatigue You weakness, chest discomfort; loss of appetite, and loss of Weight for no apparent reason.

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“Symptoms may not be present in the early stages of the disease, and may appear when it is already advanced,” warn experts and emphasize that “if disease progresses And the damage to the lungs increases; At first, exertion such as climbing stairs can cause shortness of breath. Later increasing shortness of breath for less physical activity, such as bathing and getting dressed”.

Both doctors reported that “on several occasions, diagnosis IPF can be Tough You require And multidisciplinary medical team Pulmonologists, imaging specialists, rheumatologists and pathologists, who will discuss the differential diagnosis.” Also, he clarified that “in our country, many centers have this multidisciplinary diagnostic method.”

Given The Difficulty Of Diagnosis, It May Be Necessary To Resort To A Lung Biopsy In Some Cases (Gettyimages)
Given the difficulty of diagnosis, it may be necessary to resort to a lung biopsy in some cases (Gettyimages)

In the words of experts, diagnosis can be divided into stages. In the first, the treating professional will carry out a series of questions and will examine the patient to perform his Clinic History give way again Evaluation You clinical trial, In this way, they will try to determine if it is indeed pulmonary fibrosis.

In the studies listed, pulmonologists highlighted computed tomography High-resolution, which will help doctors more clearly identify the type and degree of fibrosis; pulmonary function testWhich allows to evaluate lung function and define disease severity.

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Similarly, other studies will be conducted to rule out a previously unknown autoimmune disease that may be responsible for pulmonary fibrosis. In some cases a . it may be necessary to resort to Lung biopsy Which, depending on the complexity of the case, can be done through bronchoscopy or surgery”, he highlighted,

General Medical Care May Include Pharmacological Treatment, Respiratory Rehabilitation, Preventive Vaccinations, And Supplemental Oxygen Or Lung Transplantation In Selected Cases/(Photo: L Confidential)
General medical care may include pharmacological treatment, respiratory rehabilitation, preventive vaccinations, and supplemental oxygen or lung transplantation in selected cases/(Photo: L Confidential)

“The clinical course of IPF is highly variable and can be difficult to predict. For this reason, strategies for Deal with disease will depend of each patient In particular”, highlighted Auteri. While Fernandez said: “Although to the present There is no known cureIt is important to note that it is different therapeutic options to control the disease, so that the patient good quality of life and carry out activities of daily living.

In that vein, experts said that “usual medical care may include Pharmacological treatment, respiratory rehabilitation, preventive vaccination, and supplemental oxygen or lung transplant in selected cases.

As he explained, respiratory rehabilitation includes conditioning, aerobic physical training and breathing exercises. But not only that, as the patient is also educated about breathing control, anxiety and stress control; And the plan for healthy nutrition is to optimize breathing. These actions are intended to “restore the patient’s ability to perform their daily activities, to try to reduce the degree of difficulty breathing”, and are described by experts as “to improve patients’ quality of life”. Most selected. Sick. ,

It is worth noting that programs include doctors, nurses, respiratory therapists, physiotherapists, nutritionists and psychologists. “In the month of pulmonary fibrosis, we recommend people who feel suffocated or short of breath, especially if they have over 60 years oldlet them make one Question with pulmonologist”, underlined the experts.

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