Saturday, July 2, 2022

Illegal immigration to the United States broke all records again in May

Migrants meet with members of the Border Patrol as they enter Roma, Texas, on June 13.Adris Latif (Reuters)

Mayo has once again broken all immigration records in the United States. Officials said 239,000 encounters were recorded last month along the border with Mexico, the hot spot of the immigration crisis facing the Joe Biden government. This figure represents an increase of 2% compared to April, an increase fueled by the arrival of immigrants from Cuba, Venezuela, Nicaragua, as well as Russians and Ukrainians, who fought the war started by Vladimir Putin in Eastern Europe. have been affected by. This figure exceeds the historical maximum arrests made in March 2000 with 220,000.

Border patrol officers apprehended 177,000 people, 15% more than fears made in April. More than 60,000 people attempted to build more than one crossing during this period. A health regulation imposed by the United States, known as Title 42, allows migrants to be expeditiously deported at the border. According to the government, this tool will also be responsible for the record numbers to be registered. “The large number of evictions during the pandemic has contributed to a higher than normal number of migrants attempting multiple crossings,” Customs and Border Protection said on Wednesday.

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Chris Magnus, the commissioner in charge of the border, has pointed out that the Biden administration has made some adjustments since the crisis, which is used by Republicans as an election ploy. “The current restrictions have not changed: single adults and families found on the southern border continue to be expelled,” the official said.

In May, illegal crossings pick up. Magnus has issued an alert for those planning to make crossings in an area with drought and high temperatures. “The region is extreme, the summer heat wave is severe and the kilometers of desert that migrants cross after crossing the border are unforgiving. Our message to those who want to try to enter the United States illegally There is only one: do not take a dangerous path only to be sent back,” Magnus said in a memo released Wednesday.

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The number of unaccompanied migrant children fell 21% last month, with 14,699 encounters in May compared to 12,180 in April. The crossing of complete households, on the other hand, increased by 8%, with 55,000. This number has been decreasing at a constant rate for nine months. In August last year, 86,000 family meetings were held.

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Adults crossing alone make up the largest traffic at the US-Mexico border. According to official numbers, 25% of the 239,000 migrants who crossed over in the last 12 months had made at least one attempt in the last 12 months. 42% of the total were expelled because of the controversial Title 42, a tool the Joe Biden government has tried to lift but whose end is at the hands of an uphill legal battle promoted by several conservative states, Joe Biden’s immigration policy. criticizes.

A family of Central American migrants after being detained after crossing the border in Roma, Texas.
A family of Central American migrants after being detained after crossing the border in Roma, Texas.Adris Latif (Reuters)

At the end of April, Alejandro Meyerkas, the Secretary of the Interior, warned of the moment he crossed the border. The Minister assured that there are currently more displaced people in the world than at any time since the Second World War. As a result, Border Patrol agents arrest around 7,700 people on an average every day. Before the pandemic, there were an average of 1,600 migrants.

Meyerkas also spoke about the change in migrant flows that he has seen in recent months. “Immigrants from Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua have grown steadily and represent 37% of income in fiscal year 2022” [de octubre de 2021 a octubre de 2022] among non-Mexicans,” he says. These nationalities represented 8% in the five years 2014-2019. In May, authorities detained 18,900 Nicaraguans, a record number that tried to cross into the country. Doubling the number of migrants to Salvadorans. Last month also saw a 45% increase in the number of Colombians detained with 19,000 migrants. On the other hand, in May 2021, just over 400 people of this nationality were detained was taken in.

The war in Ukraine has prompted hundreds of Ukrainians and Russians to enter the United States via Mexico, forcing the Biden administration to implement a program that would allow them to begin a legal migration process before leaving Europe. gives. Its purpose is to discourage the numbers of Ukrainians in Mexican border cities, which already enter saturation in camps made up of Central Americans and Haitians.

The May numbers were released five days after the leaders of 20 countries in the US signed a regional declaration on migration in Los Angeles. With the document, the countries promise to coordinate their efforts to deal with a situation that has affected many countries on the continent. The region has more than six million Venezuelans who have left their country, making it the second worst displacement crisis in the world. 80% of this diaspora is spread over 17 Latin American countries, mainly Colombia, which has 1.8 million Venezuelans, and Peru has 1.3 million. Costa Rica, with a population of 5 million people, has been chosen as the new home of 150,000 Nicaraguas who have abandoned the dictatorship of Daniel Ortega.

The signed document provides more opportunities to immigrate illegally to other countries and strengthen border surveillance to accelerate the return of all those who do not qualify as refugees. The document is based on a “shared responsibility” that urges nations to play their part. Its purpose is to reduce the number of people traveling to the United States. American countries have stopped expelling countries to become a destination for immigrants.

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