Illinois became the first state on Thursday to ban police officers from lying and using other fraudulent tactics when questioning minors.
The bill, sponsored by both Democrat Senator Robert Peters and Representative Justin Slater, was signed into law by Democratic Governor JB Pritzker at a news conference. The bill came into force on January 1, 2022.
The new law targets commonly used camouflage interrogation techniques such as making false promises of transactions and making false claims about the existence of false evidence. False confessions about have played a role 30 percent of all false evidence Reversed by DNA evidence, According to the Innocence project. Researchers have found that in recent studies People under the age of 18 Is There is a possibility of admitting two to three times more lies Than adults
Mr. Pritzker signed three more bills, which his office said were intended to collectively advance the rights of the most vulnerable people in the Illinois justice system. The bills included measures to encourage the practice of restorative justice, reduce sentencing after conviction, and address public incarceration.
“A key title of good governance is recognizing the need to change laws that have failed the people who serve them,” Mr. Pritzker said. Said in the statement. “Together, these initiatives bring us closer to a holistic criminal justice system, building confidence and trust in a system that has harmed many people over a very long period of time.”
Kick Foxx, Chicago’s top lawyer, Said on Twitter The day on Thursday was “We’re working to correct past mistakes – mistakes made by law enforcement, including prosecutors.”
Rebecca Brown, the policy director of the Innocence Project, described the law as a victory for false confession reform, citing the company being the champion of electronic recordings of interrogations.
“This law is a landmark in protecting young people from wrongdoing, and an opportunity to establish interrogation strategies that can seek truth and justice among law enforcement agencies across the country,” Ms. Brown said in a statement.
Among those convicted at the press conference on Thursday was Terrell Swift, who was convicted in 2011 after serving 15 years in prison for raping and killing Chicago woman Nina Glover. The judge said that even after Mr. Swift and three others initially made large-scale confessions, the DNA recovered from the semen in the victim’s body cast significant doubt on the confession.
“This bill, I really believe, could have saved my life.” Mr. Swift At the press conference. “When it was first brought to me, it touched me in the sense that it could have saved my life. But the reality is, I’m not getting what I want. So I want to try to move forward and help make sure it doesn’t happen again. “
Mr Swift said the bill was a great move, but more work needed to be done, adding that “so many siblings” were still wrongly imprisoned. “And we can all agree that one day in prison is very long by mistake,” he said.