There are many changes in a woman’s body during pregnancy. One of them is a gradual increase in body weight. Water contains no calories and does not affect the increase in fat mass, but it is responsible for 2/3 of the weight gain. In turn, total body water increases to 6 to 8 liters in healthy women. The amount of this extra fluid is modified and the changes are divided into:
Amniotic fluid: Its quantity varies between 500 ml to 1200 ml. It is a reservoir of water for the fetus that protects it from trauma, thermal variations and infections, allows movement and contributes to lung development;
Placenta: It is composed of 85% water and it allows the exchange of water with the fetus, as well as nutrients, oxygen and wastes.
Plasma volume expansion: Plasma is the liquid part of the blood, it represents about 3 liters in adults, but in pregnancy it increases between 40% and 50%. This growth is essential for proper vascularization of the placenta without endangering other organs of the mother. In addition, it serves as a reservoir in case of bleeding during childbirth;
The embryo is largely made up of water.
Importance of fluid balance in pregnant women
The mummy has adaptations that allow it to increase body fluids. In a non-pregnant person, this fluid build-up will result in increased urine loss. Adequate fluid status is necessary to maintain normal amniotic fluid volume.
“Constipation affects up to 40% of pregnant women, so adequate fluid intake and a diet rich in fiber are recommended,” develops Valeria El Hajj, national medical director of OSPEDYC. And he adds that: “Increased fluid intake contributes to increased urine volume, helps cleanse toxins, reduces the incidence of kidney stones and urinary tract infections in pregnant women.” Is.”
Drinking fluids at frequent intervals will help prevent the acidity created by gastric juices and nausea. In addition to fluids such as water, natural juices, broths, and certain foods with a high percentage of water, such as fruits and vegetables, they can help maintain a good level of hydration as well as facilitate intestinal transit.
Importance of Fluid Balance During Lactation
The amount of milk produced is directly dependent on the infant’s demand, which at 6 months can be about 750 ml per day with only breastfeeding, 85% being water.
“Maternal water intake during lactation should be sufficient to compensate for water loss through milk. The nutritional and hydration status of the mother has little effect on the quantity and quality of milk. For this reason, infants should receive nutritious Elements and water are required, sometimes to the detriment of the mother”, explains the OSPEDYC professional.
How much water is needed to maintain good hydration?
An adult should drink 8 glasses of water a day. Instead, a pregnant woman needs about 10 glasses a day and a lactating woman needs about 12 glasses a day. In any case, there are conditions that can increase the requirements such as high temperature, exercise, fever, diarrhea, vomiting, among other factors.