Wednesday, November 29, 2023

In Brazil, the Senate approved a project to demarcate indigenous lands that the Supreme Court deemed unconstitutional

Wednesday September 27 It was an annoying day for Indians environmental defenders and democracy Brazilian. even a week ago Supreme Court Federalism The call was declared unconstitutional “Marco is temporary” Under the emergency procedure, the Senate of Brazil approved the bill that Native land boundaries Without making changes to the text previously considered by the Chamber.

As for the Temporal Framework, it was born in the government of the former president yair Bolsonaro With the support of the powerful Agribusiness lobby the first economy in South America, is the principle that – Limit the demarcation of lands. the original people Of those that have been occupied by natives before the implementation of the country’s constitution. 1988 threatened to prevent natives, as well as communities made up of descendants of escaped slaves, from entering Quilombola The right to obtain property titles.

The law will now go to the consideration of the President Ignatius grandmother on silva, what can you put veto Some quote from the text or they reject it entirely. The National Congress of Brazil has the authority to do this Override presidential veto The validity of the project is restored, but its provisions must be considered Unconstitutionality The Supreme Court, which has the final authority to strike down the law again. To bypass the Supreme Council, last week the opposition senators, Tory Y Bolsonary, I made a suggestion Change the constitution (PEC) They want this provision to be included in the Constitution itself, so that it cannot be revoked by the Supreme Court.

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However, obtaining approval from the Presidential Election Commission is a complicated procedure, because Requires a majority vote In the House and Senate, where representatives and senators are likely to disagree in favor of amending the Constitution. Whatever happens, it is expected to happen. A long and difficult political struggle Coupled with clear economic interests, President Lula and the Federal Supreme Court have a decisive role in preventing the Marcos interim from becoming law.

Thus, the Brazilian agribusiness, the economic and financial sector that keeps Brazil’s GDP high, Continue flirting with Bolsonarism It remains an ambiguous relationship with Lula’s government. If the law is approved, the indigenous people and quilombola will also see the elimination of the reserves that they own and that have been demarcated in recent years. But this is not the only unacceptable point for the natives. The Temporary Framework also anticipates the possibility of the Federation reclaiming indigenous lands If the cultural characteristics of societies change And it will be allocated to the national agrarian reform program with areas of land reserved better for the natives. But not only. The law also leaves open the possibility of validation Documents of title or ownership people in areas belonging to indigenous communities, prohibiting the expansion of indigenous lands that have already been demarcated and allowing the conclusion of cooperation contracts with non-indigenous people for economic activities in the context also to Genetically modified plants and communicate with isolated municipalities to mediate state actions to achieve the public good.

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The Senate’s challenge to the judiciary once again shows how incompetent Lula is to control Congress. The Brazilian president has repeatedly served as One World’s spokesperson Sustainable development on Amazonas where are the indians Guardians of the great rainforest We are only a few steps away, according to environmentalists, from the point of no return due to the continued destruction caused by the expansion of agriculture, cattle ranching, deforestation and the explosion of factions of drug traffickers and gold miner.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
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