With 8 billion people in the world, India and China account for more than a third of them. first estimate its population 1.380 million And according to UN projections, it is on track to become the most populous country in the world by 2023. We have discussed in Magnet how India’s population growth is driven by various factors like decline in death rate, increase in life expectancy and high birth rate.
Indians now represent 17.76% of the world’s population, One out of three people in the world is from India or China. And experts predict that by 2023, India will overtake China in terms of population. According to World Bank dataIn 2021, China had 1,412 million people and its neighbors, with a much smaller area, 1,393 million. But India is expected to surpass it in 2023.
It does not surprise us that India is the country with the highest number of births. In this other article we commented that of the next 1,000 children born in the world, 172 of them will be born there.
To get an idea of the huge population of the country, it is enough to say that if all the states of India were to become a country today, they would have come in half in the ranking of the world’s 20 most populous countries. The following chart by Visual Capitalist shows those numbers: It compares India’s 28 states and 8 territories with other countries around the world.
You can view the map in its highest resolution here,
As can be seen, the difference between the largest and the smallest states in India is huge. For example, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous country subdivision in the world. 232 million people, while Sikkim, in the country’s northeast, is the least populous state in India (0.7 million). Still, these are sobering figures.
And it’s surprising how many Indian states are strikingly similar to some of the countries we consider to be much larger: Maharashtra (Japan), West Bengal (Egypt), Andhra Pradesh (DRC) and Tamil Nadu (Germany). The largest, Uttar Pradesh (Brazil + Chile), is roughly equal to neighboring Pakistan. And the population of countries like Canada or Australia is quite ridiculous compared to small Indian states.
a slow population
Even with that data, India, which has always been a major driver of the number of people on the planet, is facing a huge recession. According to the government, India’s annual population growth has averaged 1.2% since 2011, compared to 1.7% in the previous 10 years.
and you can wait more recession in future, India’s total fertility rate declined from 3.4 in 1992 to 2 last year. This indicator is the average number of children a woman has during her lifetime. A rate greater than 2.1 indicates population expansion, while a lower rate means a decreasing population.
Why is this happening? increased use of preventives, urbanization and increasing education among girls may have contributed to the decline in fertility rates. The increase in world wealth is related to fewer births, migration from the rural world to cities, and government policies (such as limiting the number of children) that discourage it.
In fact, the declining fertility rate in the country is forcing Indian states to review policies that encourage families not to go beyond having two children. You have to balance the scale.
Map: visual capitalist