Thursday, June 8, 2023

Irekia – Uncertainty caused by the pandemic and the invasion of Ukraine have reduced the confidence in the future of Basque youth by 9 points from 2020.

  • Aurrera Begira 2022 presented the study “Index of young people’s expectations”
  • However, the evaluation of the own situation, although it has suffered from the lowest since the beginning of the successive crises, reaches a significant level.
  • Confidence is recovering in the expectation of finding a job within a year among those who are not working, going from 62% in 2021 to 71% in 2022
  • The expectation of embedded employment presents the best data since 2013 with 77% expecting to find a job based on their training at the end of it.
  • 26% of young people between the ages of 15 and 29 in the Basque Country believe they will have sons or daughters at a later age than they want.
  • “In this context of great uncertainty
  • The Secretary General for Social Transition and the 2030 Agenda, Jonan Fernandez, and the Director of Youth Miren Saratxaga, this morning at the headquarters of the Basque Youth Observatory presented the results of the 10th edition of the study “Aurrera Begira-Indicators of expectations. juveniles”. The study is based on a survey based on the situation and perception of the youth structured around 10 indicators.

    This study was first conducted in 2013. The concern, shared by the Youth Directorate and the Lehendakaritza, has arisen so that in a moment of crisis the voice of young people can be heard. His aim was and continues to be to find out how young people evaluate their situation, as well as their expectations in the short and medium term regarding problems such as unemployment, emigration or the difficulty of emancipation or their level of confidence in the future.

    The 2022 edition took place in Bologna between 12 and 19 2022 between December, to which 3,538 15 to 29-year-olds responded, 526 inhabitants of Lava, 1,700 in Bizkaia, 1,063 in Gipuzkoa, and 249 extra from Euskadi. This tenth edition allows us to take a decade of analysis of young people’s expectations.

    Jonan Fernandez highlighted the first thing to note, that in the last ten years young people have suffered “great uncertainty from the economic crisis, the impact of the global health crisis and the effects of the invasion of Ukraine. The state of mind of the youth is not alien to this very adverse situation. A context that contributed to a drop of confidence in the future “.

    This index of confidence in the future is based on three indicators: the evaluation of one’s own personal situation, the evaluation of the situation of the youth in the group and the evaluation of the Basque country. In this, as in previous editions, the main contrast is produced by the various evaluations that young people make of their personal situation and of the youth group, in general.

    Personal satisfaction stands at 70 points out of 100 and the evaluation of the situation of youth remains at 54, in 2022, which “pulls” the value of the index down. The assessment of the personal situation – although the lowest since the beginning of the successive crises we have suffered in this decade – is remarkably high.

    Youth Director Miren Saratxaga presented in a press conference some of the most important information from this edition of Aurrera Begira:

  • In relation to the balance of vital aspects, the gap between the importance of granted and perceived satisfaction with respect to the money available to young people continues to increase, with a 21-point lag between the importance of granted and satisfaction with it.
  • Work follows with an important distance between 16 points and satisfaction. In the health space this is 12 points. A fact that reflects a growing sense of the physical and emotional well-being of our youth.
  • The perception of the risk of increasing working conditions has increased slightly compared to 2021, but it is far from the 2020 figure and more than ten points from the 2013 figure.
  • Confidence in the expectation of finding a job within a year among those who are not working has recovered strongly, going from 62% in 2021 to 71% in 2022.
  • In the same way, the expectation of employment embedded data provides the best data from 2013 with 77% of students who hope to find a job according to their training when they finish their studies.
  • The expectation of forced emigration, which measures the percentage of young people who believe that in the future they will be forced to emigrate abroad without failure, remains stable and stands at 10%. Similarly, the expectation of disabled emancipation remains stable at 45%.
  • This study is the first to include the rate of delayed motherhood and fatherhood, which measures the percentage of young men who want to have sons or daughters, but do not believe that this will happen at the desired age. 26% of people aged 15 to 29 in the Basque Country are in this situation.
  • The Secretary General for Social Transition and the 2030 Manager stated that this situation is a “faithful reflection of the state of mind that permeates the whole society”. He added the recently approved Basque 2030 Strategy to promote youth emancipation and to promote measures, such as financial support for emancipation, “to respond to support young people in this environment of difficulties”.

    According to Fernandez, “to face this present and this great uncertainty of the future, it will be necessary to develop a strong sense of intergenerational empathy. See interaction and collaboration between generations. A road map cannot be written with different opinions and approaches or with age differences, but with a common perspective.

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