The mechanism of action of both the conditions is similar as it is done through antibodies that a person produces against their own tissues.
The mechanism of action of both conditions is similar as it is carried out through antibodies that a person produces against their own tissues. Photo: shutterstock.
Some diseases may have links beyond science or medicine. it’s a matter of diabetes type 1 and rheumatoid arthritisThe two chronic conditions, which are not directly related, share many aspects that must be considered when treating and monitoring the patient adequately to avoid health complications.
To understand a little more about their closeness, one must begin by understanding the way each of them functions in the body. In an article in the most recent edition of the journal Arthritis & Rheumatology, we spoke with Dr. Margarita Ramirez, an expert in endocrinology, on this very topic.
“The rheumatoid arthritis This is a disease where the body provokes an antibody response against the joint cartilage. (…) for its part, diabetes Type 1 is a condition where there is a gradual production of antibodies against the cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. In this sense, the mechanism of action (of both) is similar, since it is carried out through antibodies that the person produces against his own tissues”, explained Dr. Margarita Ramirez, specialist in endocrinology.
Can I get diabetes if I have rheumatoid arthritis?
Although there is currently nothing scientifically proven between these diseases to have a direct relationship, patients with gout may be at a higher risk of developing diabetes mellitus and those who have diabetesmay be at risk of rheumatoid arthritis,
“It has been observed that patients who have rheumatoid arthritis are at a higher risk of developing diabetesIt is observed that around 50% of patients with arthritis will develop diabetes, In case of diabetics, there is a risk of rheumatoid arthritisBut it’s somewhat higher at 20%, said Ramirez, director of the endocrinology residency program at the Rio Piedras Medical Sciences Campus.
What is this relationship for?
Meanwhile, relationship rheumatoid arthritis with him diabetes Type 2 – most common among the population – is thought to be caused by inflammation. “in diabetes In type 2, there is resistance to the action of insulin in the body and there is also a decrease in insulin production. It is thought that, like many chronic conditions, it is caused by inflammation. This inflammation has been observed that, both in arthritis and diabetesThe body produces a series of inflammatory substances that are very similar in the two conditions”, explained the doctor with twenty-five years of experience in endocrinology.
However, there are factors in the patient rheumatoid arthritis which may also lead to diabetes: Lack of exercise or sedentary life. According to what the doctor said, this is because “the condition causes him great pain and causes him some degree of disability; This makes the patient exercise less and the risk of obesity is high. It can lead us to -then – development diabetes Because they (share) the same risk factors.