Italy wants the European Union to allow the use of biofuels from 2035, much more developed than synthetic fuels.
The car industry is on the accelerator of choice, forced by the European Union, all that has to be said. But, at the same time, voices are coming out that do not want to limit the other options of electric cars. This is the case of Italy, which has not enough food and is fighting for a new solution.
Today, the Council of the European Union (out of 27 Member States) voted for a ban on combustion engines from 2035. This is the last step, after the European Parliament approved the proposal on February 14.
However, the vote in the Council was postponed without death, due to the fact that some countries, such as Germany and Italy, showed their disagreement with the measure. In particular, Germany asked the EU to allow synthetic fuels from 2035 and in fact led the company to defend e-fuels.
The EU has given in to Germany’s demands and agreed to include a clause that allows cars to be sold with combustion engines that run only on synthetic fuels, that is, those generated from CO2 and hydrogen from renewable energy sources.
Italy is not enough with e-fuel and is fighting for this solution
But now another country is raising its voice again. For Italy, e-fuels are not enough and require that biofuels can also be used. Both the head of the Italian government, Giorgia Meloni and several Italian MEPs argue that this option expands the possibilities of consumers.
Unlike synthetic fuels, which are still in the early stages of development, biofuels are much more developed and large companies in the country are focused on the development of biofuels.
Europe takes one step towards the final approval of the intercombustion in 2035 (with e-fuels included)
On the other hand, there are the original biofuels, which are produced from biomass, and from the second generation, which are created from all kinds of organic waste, and from the problem of having to dedicate crops to this.
They make this kind of food from very different raw materials, from wild or rural waste oils.
Much more developed food
From the sector, two positive aspects of biofuels highlight: they can already be used in any type of combustion engine and they can use current distribution networks, which would lower costs.
In addition, biofuels have a much more advanced development, compared to synthetic ones. The first generation entered the market, while the second generation was already beginning to have a presence, albeit to a lesser extent.
In Spain, Repsol plans to build a plant in Cartagena to produce 250,000 tons of biofuels per year, a factory that wants to start in 2023.