(CNN)– The first full moon of January, known as the Wolf Moon, will light up the sky this Friday and will be visible around the world.
According to EarthSky, it will reach maximum illumination this Friday around 6:08 p.m. Miami time, rising in the east as the sun sets across the United States.
According to EarthSky, a full moon is considered a micromoon because it appears slightly smaller than normal in our sky and will be about 250,000 miles (405,789 kilometers) from Earth’s orbit. But the moon will still be very bright. The second micromoon is expected in February.
According to the Old Farmers Almanac, the first full moon of the year is known as the Wolf Moon. According to the publication, January was associated with wolf howls outside villages, as they are more active in winter. The Sioux tribe’s name for the January full moon means “the wolves run together”, according to a guidebook compiled at Western Washington University.
The names of the January full moon associated with winter differ among Native American tribes. The Cheyenne call it the cold moon, while the Kalapuya know it as Atalak, which means “to stay inside.” The Haida tribe in Alaska calls it the bear-hunting moon, and the Passamaquoddy tribe in the northeastern US calls it the spinning wind moon.
According to NASA, Anglo-Saxon culture refers to it as the moon following Yule, the ancient festival of the winter solstice.
It is the first astronomical event of those expected in 2023.
full moon and supermoon
Most years have 12 full moons, one for each month. But there will be 13 in 2023, two of which will be in August.
According to NASA, the second full moon in a month is known as a blue moon, after the phrase “Once in a Blue Moon”. Normally, a full moon occurs every 29 days, whereas most months on our calendar are either 30 or 31 days long, so months and lunar phases don’t always match. This results in a blue moon approximately every 2.5 years.
According to EarthSky, two full moons in August can also be considered supermoons. Definitions of a supermoon can vary, but the term generally refers to a full moon that is brighter and closer to Earth than normal and therefore appears larger in the night sky.
Some astronomers claim that this phenomenon occurs when the Moon is less than 90% from perigee, its closest approach to orbiting Earth. By this definition, the July full moon would also be considered a supermoon, according to EarthSky.
Here is the list of full moons for 2023, according to the Old Farmer’s Almanac:
- January 6: Wolf Moon
- February 5: Snow Moon
- March 7: Worm Moon
- April 6: Pink Moon
- May 5: Flower Moon
- June 3rd Strawberry Moon
- July 3: Stag Moon
- August 1: Sturgeon Moon
- August 30: Blue Moon
- September 29: Harvest Moon
- October 28 hunter’s moon
- November 27: Beaver Moon
- December 26 cold moon
Although these are popular names associated with the monthly full moon, each has its own meaning among Native American tribes (many of them even go by different names).
lunar and solar eclipse
There will be two solar eclipses and two lunar eclipses in 2023.
A total solar eclipse will occur on April 20, visible to residents of Australia, Southeast Asia and Antarctica. This type of phenomenon occurs when the Moon comes between the Sun and the Earth and blocks the Sun.
And for some skywatchers in Indonesia, Australia and Papua New Guinea, it will actually be a hybrid solar eclipse. According to NASA, the curvature of Earth’s surface can cause some eclipses to switch between total and annular, as the Moon’s shadow moves around the globe.
Like a total solar eclipse, the Moon comes between the Sun and Earth during an annular eclipse, but it occurs when the Moon is closest to or farthest from Earth, according to NASA. This makes the Moon appear smaller than the Sun, so it does not block our star completely and forms a bright ring around the Moon.
On October 14, an annular solar eclipse will occur across the entire Western Hemisphere, visible from North, Central and South America.
Don’t forget to wear suitable protective glasses for safe viewing of solar eclipses, as sunlight can be harmful to the eyes.
For its part, a lunar eclipse can only occur during a full moon, when the Sun, Earth and Moon are aligned and the Moon falls into Earth’s shadow. When this happens, the Earth casts two shadows on the Moon during an eclipse. Outer partial shade is called penumbra; The full, black shadow is the womb.
When the full Moon moves into Earth’s shadow, it darkens, but does not disappear. Instead, sunlight passing through Earth’s atmosphere illuminates the Moon dramatically, turning it red, which is why it is often called a “blood moon”.
Depending on the weather conditions in your area, it may have a rusty or brick red color. This is because blue light undergoes more atmospheric scattering, so red light will be the dominant color when sunlight passes through our atmosphere and shines on the Moon.
There will be a penumbral lunar eclipse on May 5 for residents of Africa, Asia and Australia. This less dramatic version of a lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes through the penumbra, which is the lighter outer part of Earth’s shadow.
A partial lunar eclipse will be visible from Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, parts of North America and most of South America on October 28. A partial eclipse occurs when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are not perfectly aligned, leaving only a portion of the Moon in shadow.