On 11 September, Japan and Vietnam signed an agreement enabling the export of Japanese defense equipment, ships and technologies to Vietnam. The deal aims to strengthen cooperation in defending China’s growing military presence in the Southeast Asia regional waters.
The agreement was signed in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, during the first foreign visit after Japanese Defense Minister Nobuo Kishi took office. Kishi said that the agreement signed on September 11 has taken the defense partnership between the two countries to a new level.
The two countries agreed to enhance their bilateral security cooperation, such as defense policy talks at the deputy ministerial level; consultation sessions between the armed services; personnel training, cooperation in the defense industry to overcome the consequences of war; and participation in UN peacekeeping activities. Both sides plan to deepen protective ties through multinational joint exercises and other means.
Following the signing, Japan’s Defense Ministry said the details of the transfer of specific equipment, including naval ships, would be determined in subsequent talks.
On August 24, two weeks before an agreement was reached between Japan and Vietnam, United States Vice President Kamala Harris visited Vietnam to strengthen ties with the South China Sea coastal country. During the visit, Harris urged all countries to stand up for the expansion of the Communist Party of China (CCP) in the South China Sea.
A week later, on 3 and 4 September, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi visited Vietnam. At the end of his visit, Wang said that China and Vietnam should refrain from any unilateral action on the South China Sea issue that could complicate the situation and aggravate their differences.
Vietnam and China both claim sovereignty in the South China Sea, particularly the Nansha Islands and the Paracel Islands, where the two countries have territorial disputes.
On 11 September, days after Wang Yi’s visit to Vietnam ended, Japan’s Defense Minister Nobuo Kishi met with Vietnam’s Foreign Minister Pan Van Giang in Hanoi. Kishi and Pan agreed that maintaining freedom of navigation and flight in the Indo-Pacific, as well as cyber security and other defense partnerships, is of great importance, and the need to comply with international law, including the 1982 United Nations Convention. repeated. Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).
Japan’s defense ministry said the CCP has taken swiftly provocative actions in disputed waters in the South China Sea and strongly condemned unilateral attempts to escalate the status quo or any activity that could escalate tensions.
There are also territorial disputes between Japan and China. Japan often opposes the activities of the Chinese Coast Guard near the Senkaku Islands controlled by Japan in the East China Sea. Japanese officials said Chinese ships repeatedly violate Japanese territorial waters around the islands and even threaten their fishing boats.
During the Cold War, as a member of the Communist camp, Vietnam was dependent on the Soviet Union for its weapons, which included fighter jets, submarines and other major military equipment.
Japan seeks military cooperation with allies other than the United States. The signing of the Defense Equipment and Technology Transfer Agreement made Vietnam the eleventh country to sign an agreement with Japan. To date, Japan has signed similar agreements with the United Kingdom, Australia, the Philippines and Indonesia.
This News Originally From – The Epoch Times