The Supreme Court of the European Union on Thursday confirmed that European companies Women may be forbidden to wear scarves on their heads, A judgment that results in striking a balance between the freedom of religion and the right of owners to exercise the principle of the need for religious neutrality.
The verdict was based on separate cases filed by two Muslim women in Germany who were fired for wearing the hijab, covering an Islamic head. The court said the company’s policy prohibits workers from wearing “any scene of expression of political, philosophical or religious beliefs in the workplace” unless they identify it as discriminatory, unless they apply it to religious clothing and symbols of all religions.
But in addition to further defining its 2017 ruling, which allowed companies to ban headscarves in the workplace, the European Court of Justice said employers must prove that “business needs to meet the” real need “to do business with policy presentation towards customers or social Neutral image to prevent disputes, ”the court said.
The wearing of the hijab has sparked controversy across Europe over the years and has become a key focus on the politically-explosive issue of Muslim integration. Human rights groups argued that Muslim women would face pressure and exclusion in the workplace in the wake of the court’s decision.
Maryam Hamdoun, policy officer at the Open Society Justice Initiative, said in a statement: “Laws, policies and practices banning religious dress are targeted manifestations of Islamophobia that seek to exclude Muslim women from public life or make them invisible.” The policy official said. “Transferring inequality as‘ neutrality ’is actually the veil that needs to be lifted,” he said.
In the United States, by contrast, Federal labor law The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission requires employers to “allow applicants and employees to practice religious dress and grooming.”
The European Court’s ruling comes at a time when discrimination against Muslims, as well as anti-Semitic and anti-immigrant attitudes, is on the rise across the continent. Council of Europe Be careful Hate speech against these groups, especially online, became a “growing and dangerous trend” during the epidemic this month.
Daily business briefing
July 15, 2021, 1:00 p.m.
Several countries, including France, Belgium, Austria and the Netherlands, have effectively passed laws banning full-face veils in public, although the hijab, which covers the head and shoulders, does not fall into that category.
In recent years, the European Court of Justice, as well as the national courts of EU countries, have upheld policies that prohibit women from wearing head scarves in most cases when working in the private sector.
The issue of the country’s five million Muslims, the country’s largest religious minority, has been fiercely contested in Germany for years. A number of cases have been heard, mainly involving applicants and judges for public school positions. In France, where Muslims make up about 1 in 10 inhabitants, The country’s top court upheld the shooting in 2014 of a Muslim day care worker who refused to give up wearing a headscarf.
The European Court of Justice in Luxembourg interprets the laws of the 277-nation European Union.
The case was decided on Thursday outside German courts, where two women – a non-profit from Hamburg with special needs and a cashier at a drug store chain – Challenging their dismissal from their jobs for wearing headscarves, this termination has violated the right to religious freedom.
In both cases there was a complete digestive tract. Women did not wear head scarves before they took the time to give birth to their child, but began to wear them when they returned.
Caregiver’s employer, a social services agency, suspended him twice after he refused to remove the head scarf, but the court ruled that he was not treated unfairly because the employer required another employee wearing a religious cross to comply. Its internal rules prohibit the display of religious symbols.
The cashier’s employer, Mela’s drug chain, transferred her to a post that was less visible to customers after she refused to remove the head scarf and later sent her home and instructed her to come to work without it. The court said the move was not discriminatory because the company tried to project a neutral image to its customers.